On July 12

Imagine a time machine that allows you to travel back in time on this day in history. What famous, world-changing event would you attend? Who would you talk to and who would you want to see perform? 

While this spectacular machine hasn’t been invented yet, we can use the sources we have, to depict how this day looked like during different moments in time. Here is a short breakdown of the events that took place on this day in history.

Famous Events on This Day in History

  • 1679: Habeas Corpus Act – This act of Parliament was passed during the reign of King Charles the II. Habeas Corpus Act states that prisoners have the right to be examined by court before being imprisoned. 
  • 1804: The Death of Alexander Hamilton – Alexander Hamilton, the former US Secretary of the Treasury is shot in a pistol duel with Vice President Aaron Burr. The duel was the result of a long-standing rivalry between the two men. It took place in a time in history when pistol duels where prohibited. 
  • 1920: The Soviet-Lithuanian Peace Treaty – The Soviet Union recognizes Lithuania’s sovereignty. The small nation offered in exchange for safe passage for the Russian troops to Poland as well as it’s neutrality. 
  • 1957: Smoking and Cancer – Doctor Leroy Burney published a study in which he proved the connection between lung cancer and cigarette smoking
  • 1962: The Rolling Stones performs for the first time on this day that age. The concert took place at the Marquee Club in London.
  • 1998:France wins its first FIFA World Cup against Brazil, beating the favorite player with 3-0. Zinadine Zidane scores twice during the game.

Famous Birthdays

1817: Henry David Thoreau

Henry David Thoreau

Henry David Thoreau was an American philosopher, essayist and poet known for his unique and often challenging views of the world. He focused on simple living in a natural surrounding, ideas that he described in his book “Walden.” Another famous work of his is Civil Disobedience, an essay in which he pleads for disobedience against an unjust state.

1904: Pablo Neruda

Pablo Neruda

Ricardo Eliécer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto or better known as Pablo Neruda was a Nobel Prize-winning poet. He began writing poetry when he was 12 years old and he experimented with many different styles, such as surrealism or political manifestos. He was also a politician and held numerous diplomatic positions in various countries. He won the Nobel prize for literature in 1971.

1937: Bill Cosby

Bill Cosby

Bill Cosby was a prolific American actor and stand-up comedian. He started his career as a stand-up comedian before landing his first starring role in a TV show. Soon after that, he created his own sitcom, The Bill Cosby Show, which turned him into a legend and a role model for African-Americans. In 2018, he was convicted and imprisoned after tens of women accused him of sexual harassment.

1997: Malala Yousafzai

Malala Yousafzai

Malala Yousafzai is a Pakistani activist and the youngest Nobel prize winner. She is an advocate for female education, especially in her native region, Swat Valley in northwest Pakistan, which has been occupied by the Taliban. Malala began her activist career by writing for BBC Urdu under a pseudonym. As she rose to fame, she was shot by a Taliban gunman in retaliation for her activism. Although her condition was critical, she survived the attack and continues to fight for girls’ right to education.

Famous Deathdays

1926: Gertrude Bell

On this day that age, Gertrude Bell dies after taking a fatal dose of sleeping pills. She was a British writer, archaeologist, and political officer.
This day in time was full of events that marked and changed the world. If you want to read more about what happened on this day in history, check this in-depth article here.

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