Numerous special and historical events took place on 5th October. It is on this day the technology business mogul and Apple co-founder Steve Jobs passed on, French women marched to Versailles in protest and the first Canadian went into space. It’s also a special day when Kate Winslet, the celebrated actress of the Titanic 1997 fame was born. Let’s check out other fascinating events on this day:
Well Known Historical Events
1143: Portugal is recognized as a kingdom by King Alonso VII of Leon and Castile
The kingdom of Leon officially recognized Portugal as an independent kingdom under the treaty of Zamora. At the meeting, those present also included Cardinal Guido deVico, Pope’s representative and Alonso I o Portugal. The Treaty of Zamora brought peace to the previously hostile kingdoms and recognized Portuguese independence.
1450: The Jews are ejected from the Lower Bavaria by order of Louis Ludwig IX, Duke of Bavaria.
Louis IX banishes the Jews from Lower Bavaria even though he had personally invited them to live in his area. The expulsion took place after he had tried conversion, arrested them for four weeks and fined them 32 florins. This event came shortly after Louis IX succeeded his father earlier in the year. The same fate is has been meted out to free cities and Franconian bishoprics and this is as a result of Capistrano sermons with baptized Jew Peter Schwartz that were inflammatory.
1665: The University of Kiel is established.
Kiel University is inaugurated on this day in that age and the institution is situated in the city of Kiel. It’s the oldest, most prestigious and the largest learning institution in the State of Schleswig-Holstein. Two developments led to the establishment of Kiel University, one is the demand for well-learned priests and the second reason is the need to employ well-educated commoners as civil servants. The university opened with 18 professors in the disciplines of Medicine, Theology, Philosophy, and Law. Franciscan Monastery was donated to the new University of Kiel for free of charge by the council of the city of Kiel.
1789: French Revolution; Women march to Versailles
It is on this day when the French women decided to march from Paris to Versailles. Their intent was to demand action from King Louis XVI against the scarcity and high price of bread. Approximately 7000 women gathered and started the march to Versailles, 12 miles away from Paris. They were later joined by ten thousands of men and soldiers by the time they reached Versailles. They even managed to break into the palace, kill few guards and almost captured Marie Antoinette. The French women protests only stopped after Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette heard their grievances and moved their royal duties ad residence to Paris.
1905: Wright brothers’ airplane records a new time of over half an hour on the flight
Wright Flyer III, an airplane owned by Wright Brothers sets a new record of 38 minutes and 3 seconds on the flight which at the time was the longest period for a plane on air. This was also a record flight of 24-1/5 miles. The older Wright brother, Wilbur was the pilot of the airplane at the time. The Wright Flyer III was a new and improved version of the previous planes. Earlier in the year 1905, the Wright brothers had received overtures from different foreign governments. During this period, the aviation industry development had accelerated and it was more of a reality as one of the means of transport.
1910: The monarchy of Portugal kingdom is overthrown and a republic is declared
As a result of a 5th October revolution, a coup d’état is organized and executed by Portuguese Republican Party forcing king Manuel to flee to England and a Portuguese republic is proclaimed in Lisbon. There were many reasons why the kingdom of Portugal was vulnerable and the coup was a success. The royalty was spending too much on their expenses, 1908 assassination of the king and his heir, dictatorship of Joao Franco and changing social and religious view.
1984: First Canadian Goes To Space
Marc Garneau is the first Canadian to fly to space as the payload specialist on 6th NASA’s Space Shuttle Challenger flight named STS-41-G. The space flight which started on this day of 5th October at that age was to end on the 13th of October. He was one of the six astronauts chosen from over 4,000 applicants.
2000: Yugoslavia president Slobodan Miloševi? resigns following the mass demonstration
The ongoing protests in Belgrade reached its height on 5th October 2000 leading to the burning of the parliament. The protests were largely peaceful and the engineering operator charged and hit the RTS building which is considered as the symbolic propaganda in President Miloševi? regime who later on this day in history resigns as a result of the revolution. While some scholars argue it was a spontaneous demonstration, others believed it was planning over a period of time until this day.
Born: 5th October 1975 in Reading, Berkshire
Kate Winslet is an English actress who gained global stardom for a leading role in the best-selling epic romance movie Titanic 1997. She has won several accolades and is among the few performers to win Grammy, Emmy, and Academy awards. She has also bagged British Academy Film Awards three times. Learn more…
Neil deGrasse Tyson
Born: 5th October 1958
Neil deGrasse Tyson is an American Astrophysicist, science communicator, and author. Tyson is a director at the Hayden Planetarium in New York at the Rose Center for Earth and space where he also founded the Department of Astrophysics. He is a talented science author and in 2015, he was awarded the Public Welfare Medal by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences.
‘Bernie Mac’ Bernard Jeffrey McCullough
Born: 5th October 1957 in South Side Chicago (Died 2008)
Bernie Mac gained fame as a stand-up comedian and featured in several films such as Guess Who and Transformers. He died on 9th August 2008 at the age of 50 years.
Nicky Hilton Rothschild
Born: 5th October 1983
Nicky Rothschild is an American businesswoman, fashion designer, socialite, and model. She is a member of the Hilton family by birth, younger sister to Paris Hilton, another Hilton hotel heiress. She is married to James Rothschild, a member of the Rothschild family.
Joseph Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until 1953 following his demise. He died on 5th October 1953 as a result of stroke and atherosclerosis (which caused damage to his cerebral arteries). There are claims of possible poisoning though no evidence has ever appeared.
Died: 5th October 2004
Rodney Dangerfield was a famous American stand-up comedian, screenwriter, producer, actor, voice artist, author, and musician. He died on 5th October 2004 from complications associated with the heart valve surgery also following a month in a coma.
Steve Jobs was an American business tycoon and co-founder of Apple Inc. He died on 5t October 2011 from relapse complications for the treatment of islet-cell pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor he had received earlier. Steve Jobs had an expansive and innovative career in the technology industry.
On this day of 5th October, do something important that will change your life or that of your beloved ones. It’s a day on which major and life-changing history was made.