On September 21st

Some people remember September 21st as a day of tragedy, but for others, it’s an occasion of whimsy. From a terrorist attack on a shopping mall in Kenya to the auctioning of a prehistoric monument called Stonehenge, let’s travel through time to discover what historical events happened on this day.

Famous Events

1780: Benedict Arnold Betrays His Country

During the American Revolution, General Benedict Arnold changed allegiances and became the United States’ most famous traitor. He promised to hand over West Point, a fort on the Hudson River, to the British for £10,000. After the pact was discovered, Arnold fought the war on the side of the British and eventually left America for London.

1897: Yes, Virginia There is a Santa Claus

When an 8-year-old girl wrote to the New York Sun wondering if there was a Santa Claus, the newspaper published a now famous editorial to assure her that Santa “exists as certainly as love and generosity and devotion.” Francis Pharcellus Church’s response is reprinted every Christmas and has been made into books, an animated TV show, a movie and a musical. Laura Virginia O’Hanlon Douglas, the girl who wrote the letter, died in New York at the age of 81.

1915: Stonehenge is Auctioned

On September 21, 1915, a British lawyer came home from an auction in Salisbury, Wiltshire with an unusual acquisition. Cecil Chubb paid £6,000 for Stonehenge, the famous prehistoric monument built in 2,500 BC. The monument had been privately owned since the reign of Henry VIII. Three years after buying Stonehenge, Chubb gave the monument to the British government. It became a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1986 and draws a million visitors a year.

1937: J.R.R. Tolkien Publishes The Hobbit

J.R.R. Tolkien’s first novel, The Hobbit, was published on September 21, 1937. His classic tale gave readers the first peek at his richly-drawn fantasy world of Middle-earth and the creatures that inhabit it. The story tells of a hobbit named Bilbo Baggins, who helps a group of dwarves retrieve their treasure from a dragon. This influential work is the prologue for the trilogy The Lord of the Rings.

1949: People’s Republic of China Founded

A decades-long civil war in China came to an end when the Chinese Communist Party declared victory over Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalist Kuomintang Party. The two sides had been battling for control of China since 1927. Chairman Mao Zedong announced the creation of the People’s Republic of China and remained in power until his death in 1976.

2013: Terrorists Attack Nairobi Shopping Mall

Unsuspecting shoppers at Westgate Mall in Nairobi were caught in a horrific attack as a group of terrorists lay siege, throwing grenades and firing into crowds. The extreme militants were part of a group allied with al-Qaeda and planned the attack in retaliation for the presence of Kenyan troops in Somalia. The seige lasted 80 hours, killing 68 people and injuring more than 200.

Famous Birthdays

1866: H.G. Wells

Known as the father of science fiction, English author H.G. Wells wrote futuristic novels such as The Time Machine (1895), The Island of Doctor Moreau (1896), The Invisible Man (1897) and The War of the Worlds (1898). The acclaimed writer penned fiction, non-fiction, short stories and articles during a 60-year career.

Famous Deaths

19 BCE: Virgil

Publius Vergilius Maro, known as Virgil, was a great Roman poet. His epic work, Aenid, tells of the founding of Italy by an exiled Trojan prince named Aeneas. The 10,000-line poem comprised 12 volumes and was written between 30 and 19 BCE. It was not yet finished at his death.

Book your holiday now

Stay Promo Beach Resort Deals

On September 20th

September 20th has been a day to remember throughout history for many reasons. Innovations in thought that led to our understanding of the origin of species were developed on this day. More recently, women had an opportunity to triumph over men in a sporting event, the likes of which have not occurred before or since. Plus, were you one of the people who contributed to making a video game the quickest entertainment product to reach $1 billion in sales on this day?

Notable Events on September 20th in History

1187: Saladin Wages War On Jerusalem

The great warrior Saladin was a fearless Muslim ruler who laid siege to Jerusalem on this day. He was born in the place now known as Iraq and had become the Sultan of Egypt by the time he reached adulthood. The city eventually surrendered to his forces on October 2nd.

1833: Charles Darwin Arrives in Buenos Aires

In search of answers to questions not yet answered by science, Darwin had set off to travel extensively in 1833. He rode on horse-back from Bahia Blanca to Buenos Aires. Along the way, Darwin became acquainted with Juan Manuel Rosas, the most powerful man in Argentina. Throughout South America, he found evidence of larger versions of existing animals that had become recently extinct. This prompted him to strive to understand why these species were no longer around.

1973: Billie Jean King Plays Bobby Riggs in Battle of the Sexes Match

Bobby Riggs made quite the claim at the age of 55. He declared that he could beat any female tennis player. This was during the time women first started to get edgy about earning less than men in the sport. They played three sets and Billie Jean romped to victory on a triumphant day for women everywhere.

1975: Fame by David Bowie Goes to Number One

David Bowie was a hugely talented and unique artist who has influenced pop chart-toppers from Lady Gaga to Jay-Z. This was his first number-one single in the United States where he also hit the number one spot with 1983’s Let’s Dance. In the United Kingdom, where he hailed from, he secured a whopping five number one hits.

2009: Bryan Cranston Wins an Emmy for Breaking Bad

In the peak of Breaking Bad mania across the world, Cranston was winning several awards every year. He bagged the prize for best lead actor in a drama series on September 20th, 2009.

2013: Video Game Becomes the Fastest Entertainment Product to Gross $1 Billion

Rockstar Games released Grand Theft Auto V on the 17th of September 2013. Just three days later, the game had become the fastest ever item sold by the entertainment industry to reach $1 billion in sales. The game broke five other world records that year and smashed the time taken by its predecessors to hit the same target.

Famous Birthdays on the 20th of September

1934: Sophia Loren

Sophia Loren is one of the last surviving stars from the glamorous golden age of Hollywood. This was a time in the mid-twentieth century when Hollywood produced thousands of films everywhere and the glitz associated with cinema was still fresh and new. She starred in at least 45 movies and one an Oscar.

1948: George R. R. Martin

The creator of the Song of Ice and Fire series has become something of a universal hero in the last decade. He created the popular fantasy series in 1991 and unleashed it to the world in 1996. HBO picked up a series that started in 2011 and has become one of the most popular TV shows ever.

On September 9th

Throughout history, September 9th has been a day of importance for many reasons. In countries such as Tajikstan and China, September 9 holds great significance and for famous people including Queen Elizabeth II, Hugh Grant and even Colonel Sanders, the date marks birthdays and other special events.

Events That Happened on September 9th

1956 – Elvis Presley Performed on the Ed Sullivan Show for the First Time

Elvis Presley appeared on the Ed Sullivan show several times and was often criticized for his dancing, which mostly consisted of gyrating hip movements. However, when he first appeared on September 9, 1956, he was only filmed from the waist up.

1965 – Tibet Becomes an Autonomous Region of China

While Tibet has been a part of the People’s Republic of China since 1950, it didn’t become an autonomous region, or province, of China until September 9, 1965.

1967 – Saturn V Has Its First Successful Test Flight

Saturn V, a heavy-lift launch vehicle used by NASA, had its first successful test flight on September 9, 1967. It was launched 13 times between 1967 and 1973 and is the tallest and heaviest rocket that NASA has launched to date.

1971 – Imagine by John Lennon is Released

On September 9, 1971, John Lennon released his Imagine album, which was his second album release after leaving the Beatles. The album topped the charts in eight countries and was awarded double platinum status in the U.S.

1991 – Tajikistan Becomes an Independent Country

On September 9, 1991, Tajikistan, formerly known as the Tajikstan Soviet Socialist Republic, declared its independence from the Soviet Union and became an independent country.

2000 – Venus Williams Wins the U.S. Open

Venus Williams, one of the most well-known tennis players of the last decade, won her first U.S. Women’s Open on September 9, 2000, beating Lindsay Davenport.

2015 – Queen Elizabeth II Celebrates Becoming the Longest Reigning British Monarch

On September 9, 2015, Queen Elizabeth II surpassed her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria’s record by becoming the longest-reigning British monarch.

Famous Birthdays

1828 – Leo Tolstoy

Leo Tolstoy, the Russian novelist who penned timeless classics War and Peace and Anna Karenina, was born on September 9, 1828, in Yasnaya Polyana, Russia.

1890 – Colonel Sanders

Colonel Sanders, the famous name and face behind KFC, was born on September 9, 1890, in Henryville, Indiana.

1960 – Hugh Grant

The famed British actor and star of movies such as Notting Hill and Love Actually, was born on September 9, 1960, in London, England.

1975 – Michael Buble

Canadian singer Michael Buble, known for smooth hits such as Home and Love You Anymore, was born on September 9, 1975.

Famous Deaths

1087 – William the Conqueror

On September 9, 1087, William the Conqueror, the King of England who was also sometimes known as William the Bastard, succumbed to his injuries after falling from his horse.

1984 – Walter Kaufmann

Classical music and opera composer Walter Kaufmann, who was known for creating music with Indian, Chinese and Tibetan influences, passed away in Bloomington, Indiana on September 9, 1984.

2003 – Edward Teller

Edward Teller, known as the father of the hydrogen bomb, died in Stanford, California on September 9, 2003.

On September 6th

September 6 is the 249th day of the year in a standard year and is one of the most important days in history in terms of exploration of the New World. Some of the events that occurred on this day that shaped our world include the return of Ferdinand Magellan’s ship Victoria, the settling of Salem, Massachusetts and the tragedy of the Munich Massacre, an act of terrorism during the Summer Olympics.

Famous Events

1492 – Columbus Sails

Christopher Columbus set sail from La Gomera, his final port before crossing the Atlantic Ocean in search of the West Indies.

1522 – The Victoria Returns

Ferdinand Magellan’s ship returns after circumnavigating the world, but without its captain, who was killed during the voyage.

1620 – The Mayflower

The Pilgrims set sail from England and journeyed to Plymouth Rock, setting up the second successful English settlement in America in what would become Massachusetts.

1628 – Settling of Salem

The Puritans made the city of Salem a part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, setting the stage for its famous witch trials years later.

1972 – Munich Massacre

During the 1972 Summer Olympics, a Palestinian terrorist group known as Black September invaded the Olympic Village and took 11 Israeli athletes hostage, killing all 11.

1991 – Baltic Independence

The Soviet Union officially recognized the independence of the three Baltic nations: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. This marked the beginning of the end for the Soviet Union, which broke apart later that year.

1995 – The Iron Oriole

Baltimore Orioles shortstop Cal Ripken, Jr. officially breaks Lou Gehrig’s record for consecutive games played by participating in his 2,131st straight baseball game. Ripken ended his streak in 1998 at 2,632 games.

1997 – Princess Diana’s Funeral

The first wife of Prince Charles, Lady Diana Spencer, was officially laid to rest after her tragic death from a car accident at the age of 36.

What Holidays Are Celebrated?

Swaziland celebrates its independence from the United Kingdom, which it achieved in 1968. In the United States, Sept. 6 is known as National Coffee Ice Cream Day.

Famous Births

1954 – Carly Fiorina

Became the first woman to lead a Fortune Top 20 company when she became CEO of Hewlett Packard in 1995. She would eventually run for United States Senate in California in 2010 and for the Republican nomination for president in 2016, losing both races.

1958 – Jeff Foxworthy

Became famous for his You Might be a Redneck standup routine, as well as becoming the host of the game show Are You Smarter Than a Fifth Grader?

1962 – Chris Christie

Became the governor of New Jersey in 2011 and served two full terms. In doing so, he became the first Republican in the Garden State’s history to complete two full terms as governor. He ran for the Republican nomination for president in 2016.

1972 – Idris Elba

Elba is one of the 20 highest-grossing actors in history, having made $3.6 billion in North America. He has won a Golden Globe for his role as the title character in the BBC series Luther.

Famous Deaths

2007 – Madeline L’Engle

Wrote A Wrinkle In Time as well as four sequels, the first of which is acclaimed as one of the 100 Greatest Chapter Books.

2012 – Art Modell

Bought the NFL’s Cleveland Browns in 1961 and owned them until controversially moving them to Baltimore in 1996, where he renamed them the Ravens.

2018 – Burt Reynolds

Starred in hit movies such as The Longest Yard, Smokey and the Bandit, The Cannonball Runand Boogie Nights, the last of which won him a Golden Globe Award.

On September 4th

People born on September 4th are Virgos per the Western zodiac — a sign that’s associated with traits like hard-working, analytical and kind. In addition to several notable births on this day, lots of important and interesting events took place on September 4th. Keep reading for some famous facts about the 247th day of the year.

Historical Events of September 4th

1682: Halley Sees His Comet

English astronomer Edmond Halley observed the comet that was later named in his honor on this date in 1682. Before that time, scientists believed that comets only passed through our solar system once. Now we know that periodic comets, like Halley’s, are repeat visitors to our skies.

1781: Los Angeles Is Founded

Originally dubbed The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels of Porciúncula, the West Coast city of Los Angeles was founded on this date by 44 settlers of African, European and Native American backgrounds. They arrived from northern Mexico to set up a farming village that’s home to about 4 million residents today.

1888: Kodak Is Born

Rochester, New York, is the place where the Eastman Kodak Company got its start on this date in 1888. Its founder, George Eastman, invented flexible roll film, which, along with Kodak cameras and photo processing services, made photography more accessible to the average consumer.

1965: Help! Reaches #1

The Beatles’ single Help! reached the top spot on September 4th of this year and stayed there for three weeks. Help! was the title song for the movie and soundtrack album, and John Lennon said in an interview that it was one of his personal favorites from the Beatles’ catalog.

1998: Google Gets Its Start

Google was founded on this day in Menlo Park, California, by Larry Page and Sergey Brin. It started as a streamlined search engine but grew into offering more than 50 products and services. Even so, more than 70% of online searches worldwide are conducted using Google.

Famous Birthdays of September 4th

1960: Damon Wayans

American stand-up comedian, actor, writer and producer Damon Wayons was born on this day in New York City, into what would become a family of entertainers now considered to be a comedy dynasty. The Wayans family created the Scary Movie film series among other entertainment hits, and Damon recently starred in Fox TV’s Lethal Weapon.

1981: Beyoncé Knowles

Beyoncé was born on this day in Houston, Texas. From her early days singing in local talent shows, the Destiny’s Child vocalist has gone on to become a top-selling solo artist and film actress.

Famous Deaths of September 4th

2006: Steve Irwin

Steve Irwin grew up at his family’s reptile park in Australia and gained worldwide fame as TV’s Crocodile Hunter. He died at age 44 while filming an underwater documentary. In a tragic accident, his heart was pierced by a stingray barb. He’s remembered fondly and celebrated every November 15th at the Australia Zoo’s Steve Irwin Day.

2014: Joan Rivers

Joan Rivers was a comedy legend who died on this day in 2014, at age 81. She was born in Brooklyn, New York, the daughter of Russian immigrants. She was a frequent guest host on the Tonight Show with Johnny Carson and remained a popular TV personality up until her death. She died after experiencing complications during a routine medical procedure.

On September 3rd

This day in history changed the political landscape of the world as one war ended but another began. It was also a day of discoveries, as an English explorer made his way to North America, and humans landed a spacecraft on Mars.

Here are some of the significant events that took place on September 3.

Historical Events

1609: Henry Hudson Voyages to North America

While searching for the Northwest Passage, English explorer Henry Hudson found a waterway now known as the Hudson River. He and the crew of the Half Moon followed the river for 150 miles, eventually arriving in what would become Albany, New York. The Dutch later colonized the area.

1783: Treaty of Paris Signed

The last battle of the American Revolution took place in 1781 in Yorktown, Virginia. Although Britain surrendered, it didn’t recognize American independence until two years later. On September 3, 1783, the Treaty of Paris was signed at the Hotel d’York, formally ending the war.

1939: Britain Declares War on Germany

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain announced Britain’s declaration of war on Germany on September 3, 1939, marking the start of World War II. Two days earlier, Germany had invaded Poland and refused to withdraw its troops. More people died during the Second World War than any other war in history.

1950: First-Ever Formula One Champion Crowned

Italian race car driver Emilio Giuseppe “Nino” Farina drove his Alfa Romeo across the finish line in the final race of the 1950 World Drivers’ Championship on September 3, 1950. Winning three of seven races during the season, he became the first Formula One champion.

1976: NASA Lands a Spacecraft on Mars

NASA’s Viking 2 spacecraft gave us a close-up look at the Red Planet on September 3, 1976. After landing on Mars, Viking 2 transmitted the first color photograph of the planet. The craft spent more than three years on Mars, collecting scientific data and discovering the presence of elements such as carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen — all of which are required for life on Earth. Viking 2’s final transmission was in April, 1980.

1995: eBay is Founded

On September 3, 1995, entrepreneur Pierre Omidyar developed a website called Auction Web and listed its first item for sale: a broken laser pointer for $1. This project would soon evolve into a multinational online shopping platform for all kinds of goods and services. Now known as eBay, the site has 14,000 employees and revenues that exceeded $10.7 billion in 2018. This e-commerce giant later purchased PayPal and Skype.

Famous Birthdays

1875: Ferdinand Porsche

Inducted into the International Motorsports Hall of Fame in 1996, Ferdinand Porsche was an influential automotive engineer who worked on the Mercedes S and SSK, the Volkswagen Beetle and Porsche automobiles. He was also a member of the Nazi party and contributed significantly to German war efforts. After World War II, he was imprisoned by France as a war criminal for 22 months.

1965: Charlie Sheen

American actor Charlie Sheen appeared in movies such as Platoon, Wall Street and Eight Men Out. He replaced Michael J. Fox on the television series Spin City before starring in his own sitcom, Two and a Half Men.

Famous Deaths

1991: Frank Capra

Frank Capra’s classic film It’s A Wonderful Life (1946) is a favorite for many people every Christmas. The famed director’s legacy also includes the 1939 film Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, starring Jimmy Stewart, and the screwball comedy It Happened One Night (1934), which won in all five major categories at the Academy Awards.

On September 2nd

September 2nd has given rise to some extraordinary changes that have affected the entire globe. From transforming London into a blazing inferno to declarations of independence and heists, this is a day in history that has made an impact. Those who are born on this day have turned out to be megastars of film and sport — and haven’t looked at all bad while doing it.

Notable Events On September 2nd In History

31 BC: The Battle of Actium

This epic naval battle took place just off the coast of Greece. It saw Octavian (also known as Augustus) defeat the combined forces of Cleopatra and Mark Anthony. Through such a notorious, decisive victory, Octavian became the undisputed ruler of the Roman Empire. It is believed that the defeat of Mark Anthony’s 500 ships and 70,000 strong army was carried out by an army of 80,000 soldiers and 400 ships.

1666: Great Fire of London

Supposedly started in the bakery oven of Thomas Farriner, this is probably the most famous historical fire of all time. The fire started on Pudding Lane, an area that housed many warehouses full of oil, rope and timber. After a torrid summer in London, the blaze lasted for five days and rendered approximately 100,000 people homeless. A strong easterly wind also contributed to spreading the inferno from home to home.

1752: United Kingdom Adpots Gregorian Calendar

The Julian calendar had been used up until the inception of the British Calendar Act 1751, which was brought into action the following year. The most pressing issue with the Julian calendar was its lack of leap years — this meant the calendar was always eleven days ahead of the actual position of the earth. Also, using the Gregorian calendar meant the beginning of the year was officially moved from March 15th to January 1st.

1798: First Ever Bank Robbery in the United States

Philadelphia was ravaged by yellow fever during this year, an illness that went on to claim the lives of over 1,300 people in the city. During the turmoil, an inside job was carried out in what was then the capital city’s Bank of Pennsylvania. $162,821 was stolen — the equivalent of $3,093,599 today.

1931: Bing Crosby First Appears on the Radio

Bing Cosby went on to be heavily involved in the arms forces radio during World War II and his radio career spanned three decades. He worked on the radio during one of its most innovative and exciting times. In 1931, the technology of editing and recording had not yet been fully developed so Bing’s first shows were live.

1945: Ho Chi Minh Declares Vietnam Independent From France

Vietnam had been a colony of France since before the second world war. However, after France surrendered to Germany, the Japanese seized control of it. Ho Chi Minh saw this turmoil as an opportunity and returned to the homeland he had been in exile from for three decades to fight for independence.

Famous Birthdays

1964: Keanu Reeves

Keanu is one of the world’s most well-loved movie stars. He was born in Canada to an English mother and an American father of Chinese, Hawaiian, English, Irish and Portuguese descent. He has been praised by critics for his versatility and has starred in at least 70 films. One of the most groundbreaking appearances he made was in 1997’s The Matrix.

1965: Lennox Lewis

Lewis is a retired professional boxer who competed from 1989 to 2003. He holds dual Canadian and British citizenship but would represent Canada in the Olympics. He has defeated some huge names in the world of professional fighting, including Mike Tyson and Vitali Klitschko.

On August 31st

The 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, August 31st is an auspicious date with several interesting events. These events — including the births and deaths of notable people — shaped the future of our world. From the birth of a Roman emperor to the death of a British monarch, August 31st is a day marked by exceptional experiences.

Historical Events

On this day in …

1422: Nine-Month-Old Henry VI becomes King of England

The last of the Lancaster royals, Henry VI became King of England when his father died. He was only nine months old at that time. When he was old enough to take the throne fully, he founded Eton College and King’s College. He is also credited with causing the War of the Roses through his incompetent leadership.

1888: Jack the Ripper’s first victim found

At 3:40 am on this day in 1888, a cart driver named Charles Cross discovered the body of Mary Ann Nichols while on his way to work. Ms. Nichols — also known as Polly — was a prostitute and had become the first victim of London’s notorious serial killer, Jack the Ripper.

1920: 1st radio news program broadcast

On this day in 1920, the Detroit radio station 8MK broadcast the first radio news program. This station also made history as the first station to be owned by a newspaper, The Detroit News. The station was created as an experiment in the use of the medium news publication and had only been in operation for 10 days at the time.

1957: The US performs a nuclear test at Nevada test site

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) saw several nuclear tests throughout the cold war era. On this day in 1957, one such test, designated SMOKY, took place at the NTS. Part of the tests that made up Operation PLUMBBOB, SMOKY became notorious in the 70s due to over 3,000 servicemen being exposed to radiation during exercises conducted at the site shortly after the test. Several were later diagnosed with cancer.

2018: “A Star is Born” premiers at Venice Film Festival

This fourth incarnation of the film stars Bradley Cooper, also his directorial debut, and Lady Gaga, in her first major acting role. This Warner Bros’ version was met with a warm reception at the Venice Film Festival and went on to win several awards. Originally a 1937 film starring Janet Gaynor and Fredric March, other versions of the movie include a 1954 movie starring Judy Garland and James Mason as well as the 1978 adaptation with Barbra Streisand and Kris Kristofferson.

Famous Birthdays

On this day in …

12: Caligula

Born Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus in Antium — known as Anzio today — Caligula was the third emperor of Rome. In the beginning, he was a generous compassionate ruler, freeing political prisoners and recalling political exiles.

After an illness, Caligula changed drastically. He began regarding himself as a god, having alters erected to himself throughout his empire. He became cruel and irrational, murdering is adopted son and others for imagined slights, spending money recklessly and insulting the Roman Senate. In the end, a tribune of Roman guards murdered him.

Famous Deaths

On this day in …

1997: Princess Diana Spencer

On the night of August 31, 1997, Princess Diana Spencer died in a controversial car crash in Paris, France. The accident occurred overeager press forced her and her companion, Dodi Al-Fayad, to leave their private dinner at The Ritz early.

With Henri Paul driving, they were pursued by paparazzi. After a short high-speed chase through the narrow boulevards of central Paris, Paul crashed the Mercedes S-280 limo into the 13th pillar of the Pont d’Alma Bridge. Al-Fayad and Paul were killed instantly, Princess Diana died in the hospital a few hours later. Only her bodyguard, Trevor Rees-Jones, survived the accident. Princess Diana was 36 years old. She left behind two young sons and thousands of mourners.

On August 30th

The date of August 30th has brought the world so much. Classic books were published, famous authors were born and life-changing products were invented. Let’s look back at some of the incredible events that happened on this day.

August 30th Notable Events

1868: Publication of Little Women

On this date, the beloved children’s classic Little Women by Louisa May Alcott was first published. The August 30th publication featured the first volume in the serialized novel that told the story of four sisters during the time of the Civil War. Alcott’s sister, May, illustrated the first volume.

1901: Patent of Early Powered Vacuum Cleaner

On this day in 1901, British inventor Hubert Cecil Booth filed a patent for one of the first powered vacuum cleaners, which he called the Puffing Billy. Before his invention, vacuum clears worked by blowing air, not sucking. The original Puffing Billy wasn’t very practical to use; it was powered by a petrol engine pulled by horses outside the home. However, Booth later created a smaller vacuum that ran on electricity and changed the way we clean our homes.

1983: First African American in Space

On this day in 1983, Guion S. Bluford, Jr. became the first African American to travel into space. The Philadelphia-born NASA astronaut was a mission specialist on the space shuttle Challenger. Before his historic trip into space, Bluford had served as an Air Force pilot in Vietnam, for which he won several medals.

2001: Euro Currency Formally Introduced

While the euro was first introduced in 1999, it didn’t begin to replace local currencies until this date in 2001. The new euro currency brought a host of benefits, including making it easier to travel through Europe, but it’s not without controversy, such as smaller member countries feeling its use isn’t in their favor.

2013: India Launches Defense Satellite

Further establishing its place in the space market, India launched its first defense satellite on this date to enhance its navy’s surveillance capabilities. While it’s not the first satellite launched by India, GSAT-7 is the first one dedicated solely to military purposes.

Famous August 30th Birthdays

1797: Mary Shelley

Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, the author of Frankenstein, was born in London on this day in 1797. Shelley grew up in the unconventional household of her philosopher father, William Godwin, and eloped with poet Percy Bysshe Shelley when she was just 16 years old. She wrote many novels, but her most famous is Frankenstein, which some consider the first science-fiction novel.

1972: Cameron Diaz

Known for her long legs and megawatt smile, Cameron Diaz was born in San Deigo on this day in 1972. The California surfer girl got her start as a model but launched into acting to phenomenal success, starring in movie hits like The Mask, There’s Something About Mary and Charlie’s Angels.

Famous August 30th Deaths

1483: Louis XI, King of France

King Louis XI died on this day in Plessis-les-Tours, France. He was nicknamed the Spider King because of the webs of intrigue he cleverly spun, but he’s credited with strengthening and unifying France in the wake of the 100 Years’ War. With a reputation for being paranoid and reclusive, King Louis XI died from natural causes while isolated in his fortress in France.

2015: Wes Craven

Movie-goers will never look at Elm Street in their towns the same way again thanks to filmmaker Wes Craven and his A Nightmare on Elm Street franchise. Craven died on this day in Los Angeles after battling brain cancer.

On August 29th

August 29 is the day that a devastating hurricane forever changed New Orleans, while the testing of an atomic bomb kept an entire generation on edge. The Beatles played their final concert and the first seeds of an internet giant called Netflix were planted.

Here are some of the notable events that happened on this day:

Famous Events

1842: Treaty of Nanking Ends Opium War

The Opium War of 1839 was China’s first conflict with a western nation. It came to an end with the signing of the Treaty of Nanking on August 29, 1842. China made a number of concessions to Britain as a result: ceding the territory of Hong Kong, allowing Britain to trade at five ports instead of one, and paying an indemnity. It was the first of a number of unequal treaties that weakened the Qing dynasty.

1949: Soviet Union Detonates Its First Atomic Bomb

Hostilities between the United States and the Soviet Union intensified when the USSR tested its first atomic bomb on August 29, 1949. American experts didn’t expect the Soviet Union to have developed this capability so soon, and the nuclear arms race began in earnest. Both countries began creating more powerful bombs and tested hydrogen bombs within the next six years.

1966: The Beatles Say Goodbye

On a cold and foggy night on August 29, 1966, the Beatles stepped onto the stage in San Francisco’s Candlestick Park. None of the 25,000 fans in attendance knew that this would be the band’s final scheduled concert. The Beatles went on to play an impromptu rooftop concert in London in early 1969 before breaking up a year later.

1997: Netflix is Founded

Netflix co-founders Reed Hastings and Marc Randolph made their first foray into the video business by establishing a start-up called Kibble. Their business model was based on renting DVDs by mail. Kibble was later renamed Netflix. By 2002, the company was mailing 190,000 DVDs per day to 670,000 subscribers. It made its first venture into streaming in 2010, and had more than 100 million subscribers worldwide by 2018, creating the new concept of binge-watching.

2005: New Orleans is Devastated by Hurricane Katrina

One of the most destructive hurricanes in U.S. history made landfall in New Orleans on August 29, 2005. Hurricane Katrina generated winds of up to 175 miles per hour, peaking as a Category 5 hurricane. The storm surge resulted in the failure of 53 levees, causing flooding throughout the city. By August 30, 80% of New Orleans was under water. While many evacuees made their way to Houston, thousands of residents were stranded. Homes and businesses were destroyed and more than 1,800 people died.

Famous Birthdays

1632: John Locke

The work of English scholar John Locke helped form the foundation of western philosophy. He is credited with inspiring the Enlightenment as well as the French and American Revolutions with his theories about social contracts and individual rights.

1958: Michael Jackson

Known as the King of Pop, Michael Jackson began his musical career at the age of five as part of the Jackson 5. He went on to release best-selling albums such as Thriller and Bad and became one of the most influential cultural icons of modern history.

Famous Deaths

1982: Ingrid Bergman

Legendary actor and three-time Academy Award winner Ingrid Bergman appeared in more than 50 movies. Her role in Casablanca with Humphrey Bogart established her as a Hollywood star in the 1940s. Bergman appeared in a number of movies including For Whom The Bell Tolls, Notorious, Spellbound and Murder on the Orient Express. Born on August 29, 1915, the Swedish actor died on her birthday in 1982.