On September 11th

The 254th day of the year based on the Gregorian Calendar; September 11th is a day that most associate with the tragedy that befell the World Trade Center Towers in 2001. While the horrifying events of that day will likely live on in infamy forever, there are several other interesting events from that date throughout history. From the theft of the Hope Diamond to the birth of an American rapper/actor to the tragedy of the terrorist attacks, September 11th is a historic date.

Historical Events

On this day in …

1297: Braveheart Wins

Immortalized in the movie Braveheart, William Wallace was a leader in the Scottish rebellion against English rule in the late 13th century. On September 11, 1297, Wallace and his troop of Scottish rebels were confronted at the river (Forth) near Stirling in lower Scotland.

Although they were greatly outnumbered, Wallace led his men to a victory over the British by slaughtering them as they crossed the Stirling Bridge. This overwhelming victory and subsequent capture of Stirling Castle along the Scottish/English border left Scotland nearly free of English occupants for a time.

1792: Theft of the Hope Diamond

During the confusion of the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror, many of the crown jewels of France where stolen. Known as French Blue at the time (among other names) the Hope Diamond was cut down to its current size of 45.52 carats to disguise it. Little is known about what happened to it until it reappeared in England in 1812 or 1830, depending upon who you believe.

1857: Mountain Meadows Massacre

Dubbed “the darkest deed of the nineteenth century,” 120 men, women and children were slaughtered by Mormons disguised as Indians in a southern Utah area known as Mountain Meadows. Only one man was prosecuted, John D. Lee, but many other members of the Mormon community were suspected of participating. In fact, there is still much controversy over how much Brigham Young, the leader of the Mormon religion, had to do with the massacre.

1941: Construction of the Pentagon begins

Across the Potomac River from Washington DC, in the state of Virginia and just a stone’s throw east of Arlington National Cemetery sits the US Pentagon. Housing the countries Department of Defense, this building’s construction began on this day in 1941. Originally known as Arlington Farm, the plot of land used was once part of Robert E. Lee’s estate.

2017: Hurricane Irma

Hurricane Irma was the most powerful hurricane in the open Atlantic region. It cut a path of destruction that included Barbuda, Saint Barth, Saint Martin, Anguilla, the Virgin Islands and several mainland US states. On September 11th, it took out power to more than seven million homes throughout Georgia and Florida.

Famous Birthdays

On this day in …

1977: Christopher Bridges (Ludacris)

American rapper and actor Christopher Bridges is better known as Ludacris. Born in Champaign, IL, he started rapping at only nine years of age. Today, he is known for his music as well as his role in the Fast & Furious franchise of movies.

Famous Deaths

On this day in …

2001: 9/11 victims

No discussion of September 11th is complete without considering those souls who were lost during the terrorist attacks that took place in the U.S. on this date. At the World Trade Towers themselves, more than 2,606 people died in the collapse as well as several firefighters, police officers, and other first responders in the resulting rescue effort.

Another 125 people lost their lives in the attack on the Pentagon that followed soon after. In addition, 64 people died while stopping a third attack and causing their plane to crash early in a Pennsylvania field.

The total death toll came to 2,977 people killed in New York City, Washington DC, and outside of Shanksville, PA.

On September 8th

September 8 is the 251st day of the year in a standard year and marks the founding of the oldest city in the continental United States, as well as the creation of Scotch tape and the day the United States moved past one of the greatest constitutional crises in its history.

Famous Events

1565 – First American City

St. Augustine is founded by Spanish settlers in the New World in what becomes modern-day Florida. St. Augustine is the longest inhabited city in the continental United States.

1888 – English Football League

The Football League begins in England with the first of six matches played between the largest clubs in England. Relegation would come 10 years later, and the First Division would be the top league in England until 1992, when the Premier League was established.

1930 – Scotch Tape

In the 1920s and 1930s, Scotch was used as slang to describe someone as cheap or stingy. When Richard Drew invented this clear tape, workers at 3M allegedly accused bosses of being Scotch with the tape — and the name stuck.

1945 – The Division of Korea

With the end of World War II, the world turned its eyes to the Hermit Kingdom of Korea and its conflict. The United States and Soviet Union chose sides in the Korean War and divided the nation into North and South, and as of 2019, the two nations never signed a peace treaty, leaving them locked in a frozen war.

1966 – Beam Me Up

The popular science fiction show Star Trek makes its first appearance on the air, introducing the world to Captain James Kirk. “Beam me up, Scotty” enters pop culture, although Kirk never actually says the phrase verbatim on the show.

Citing a need for the United States to move on from Watergate, president Gerald Ford grants former president Richard Nixon a full pardon for his alleged crimes against the United States. The move helps the nation move forward, but ultimately costs Ford his chance for re-election in 1976 against Jimmy Carter.

1974 – The Pardon of Nixon

1991 – Macedonian Independence

The fall of Communism across eastern Europe results in the start of the breakup of Yugoslavia, and the Republic of Macedonia declares its independence from the amalgamated country. Because of a dispute with Greece, the country changes its name to North Macedonia in 2019.

What Holidays Are Celebrated?

In addition to Macedonian independence, the day is also a day of celebration for Pakistan, as Sept. 8 commemorates the first successful use of the Pakistani navy, against India, and is celebrated as Victory Day. In the United States, it’s known as National Date Nut Bread Day.

Famous Births

1941 – Bernie Sanders

The famously independent senator from Vermont won election in 2006, taking a seat Republicans had held since 1862. He unsuccessfully ran for president as a Democrat in 2016 and chose to again run in 2020.

1972 – Kennedy

Born Lisa Kennedy Montgomery, Kennedy gained fame as both a talk show and game show host, hosting the grunge-based music show Alternative Nation.

1979 – Pink

Born Alecia Moore, Pink was named the Pop Song Artist of the 2000s in 2009 and has sold 90 million albums worldwide.

Famous Deaths

1970 – Percy Spencer

Spencer was the creator of the microwave oven, which he patented in 1945.

1978 – Zero Mostel

The actor and comedian won three Tony Awards, playing comedic characters such as Tevye in Fiddler on the Roof.

2014 – S. Truett Cathy

Cathy was the founder and longtime head of Chick-fil-A, the popular chicken sandwich restaurant that has famously refused to open on Sundays.

On September 7th

By the time September 7th rolls around, most school-aged children of the Northern Hemisphere are back in classrooms or soon returning. It’s a time of new beginnings for many, and it’s also a date that’s seen some famous events in the past, like the ones you’ll find below.

September 7th Notable Events

1630: The Founding of Boston, Massachusetts

The settlement that became Boston was first called Tremontaine because of its three hills, but on September 7th, 1630, Puritan settlers renamed it Boston, after a town in England. Among its many claims to fame, Boston was home to the first-ever public school and is a thriving port city to this day.

1921: The First Miss America Pageant

The Miss America Pageant is approaching its 100th birthday, and it’s come a long way since its start as a way to boost Atlantic City tourism. The first event featured only six contestants vying for a $100 prize. Miss America essentially began as a bathing-suit contest, but the organization is striving to be more inclusive of all body types and removed the swimsuit portion of the pageant in 2018.

1923: Interpol Forms in Vienna

The only worldwide police force, the International Criminal Police Organization, also known as Interpol, was founded on this date in 1923 as a response to increasing international crime that was especially affecting Austria. Today, it continues to fight crime from its headquarters in Lyon, France.

1960: Lyudmila Shevtsova Sets Olympic Record

On this date in 1960, Soviet runner Lyudmila Shevtsova ran a record 2:04.3 800-meter run at the Olympics in Rome. That’s noteworthy not only because of her time but also because the women’s 800-meter run had been banned from the Olympics since 1928. Male organizers believed that women were too delicate to run further than 200 meters. Shevtsova proved them wrong.

1979: Entertainment and Sports Programming Network (ESPN) Debuts

Sports fans can thank father-and-son entrepreneurs Bill and Scott Rasmussen for their favorite TV network. ESPN debuted on this date, giving viewers 24/7 sports coverage for the first time in the U.S. In fact, in 1979, there weren’t any other 24 hour networks. Today, ESPN is viewed in millions of households around the world.

Famous September 7th Birthdays

1533: Elizabeth I

England’s celebrated Queen Elizabeth I was born on this date in Greenwich Palace, London, the daughter of King Henry VIII and his soon-to-be-beheaded second wife, Anne Boleyn. Surviving a harsh upbringing and imprisonment in the Tower of London, Elizabeth I took the throne at age 25 and ruled successfully for 45 years.

1860: Grandma Moses

Acclaimed folk artist Anna Mary Robertson Moses, better known as Grandma Moses, still serves as an inspiration to anyone embarking on a second (or third) career. Born on a farm in Greenwich, New York, she didn’t take up painting until she was 77 years old but managed to achieve incredible success critically and monetarily.

1949: Gloria Gaynor

Gloria Gaynor was born this day as Gloria Fowles in Newark, New Jersey. Best known for her disco hits, especially the break-up anthem I Will Survive, she continues to tour the world and record new music.

Famous September 7th Deaths

1978: Keith Moon

The Who’s Keith Moon was one of rock and roll’s original bad boys, famously driving his car through the glass doors of a hotel rather than walking to the front desk to ask for his room key. The revered drummer died in London at age 32 from an accidental drug overdose. Eerily, he passed away in the same apartment where singer Mama Cass Elliot died four years earlier.

On August 26th

August 26th has been the perfect time of year for creativity, giving rise to some extraordinary innovations in art, music, and science. This day has been one of the most groundbreaking in history. Escape artists have defied the laws of nature and YouTubers have defied logic with notorious conflicts. Those born on this day range from talented artists to true saints.

Notable Events on August 26th in History

1498: Michaelangelo Commissioned to Carve the Pietá

Translated as The Pity in English, this intricate sculpture is synonymous with Renaissance art. Michaelangelo is believed to have been just 25 years old when he constructed this masterpiece. He had begun his artistic studies at 13 years old when he started an apprenticeship with the famous painter, Ghirlandaio.

1843: The First Typewriter is Patented

The first typewriter was surprisingly invented over 400 years after the first printing press. Charles Thurber obtained U.S patent 3228 for his invention on August 26th. While the machine was bulky and slow, it was the first invention of its type that inserted paper onto a roller and allowed it to move horizontally to enable accurate spacing. His model was never manufactured but it paved the way for the imminent DIY revolution.

1907: Houdini Escapes From Chains Underwater at Aquatic Park

It was on August 26th that Harry Houdini first performed the act in which he is lowered into the water in Aquatic Park in a chained box and escapes unharmed. Houdini was an illusionist and escapologist who turned out to be one of the highest-paid entrepreneurs during his time. While Houdini loved to play with audience perception, he was staunchly opposed to abusing so-called psychic powers by promising to connect people to lost loved ones.

1959: Britain Introduces the FIrst Morris Mini-Minor

The iconic Mini is now produced by German car manufacturer BMW, however, for decades it was seen as a staple of distinctly British popular culture and made by Morris. It was just 10 feet long and hailed in its day as the epitome of common sense and ingenuity. The car cost £378 and threw convention to the wind, setting new standards of comfort and road-worthiness in a very small car.

1968: The Beatles Release Hey Jude

This revered track by The Beatles was released on the 26th August, with Revolution as its b-side. It was the first record they release on their Apple record label and spent 19 weeks on the chart. Nine weeks of that were spent at number one. The band holds the record for the most number-one singles to this day.

2018; Boxing Match Between YouTubers Logan Paul and KSI Ends in a Draw

This was a crossover battle like the world had never seen before. Two of the biggest stars of YouTube — the most up and coming media platform — took part in a professional boxing match. They have nearly 40 million subscribers between them, so this was a hugely lucrative financial endeavor for both parties. The match ended in a draw, much to the disappointment of hordes of fans.

Famous Birthdays on the 26th of August

1910: Mother Theresa

Known as Saint Theresa of Calcutta in the Catholic church, this incredible woman touches the lives of millions of people through missionary work. She won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1976 and became a symbol of charity and selflessness.

1966: Shirley Manson

The outspoken singer in the band Garbage was revered for her edgy, sassy look and outspoken personality, underpinned with a thick Scottish accent. She went on to sing a James Bond theme tune and their song Number One Crush topped the U.S Billboard’s Hot Modern Rock Tracks chart.

On October 10th

October 10, 1871 was the day that the Great Chicago Fire started; it’s also the day that world came together to sign the Outer Space Treaty in 1967.

October is the tenth month of the year, and October 10th is repetitive (10/10), giving a special element to the day. Keep reading for the most significant events surrounding October 10, including an airline explosion that hasn’t been solved to this day and the birth of a female reporter who would be the first to report on the outbreak of World War II.

Historical Events

1868 – Cuba Revolts for Independence Against Spain

On the early morning of October 10th, 1868, sugar mill owner Carlos Manuel de Cespedes issued his cry of revolt. This uprising is known as the “10th of October Manifesto” at La Demajahua and was the start of an all-out military rebellion against the Spanish rule in Cuba. Cespedes freed all of his slaves and asked them to join the revolution. The rebellion turned into the “Ten Years’ War” which was part of Cuba’s struggle against their Spanish invaders. This war resulted in a U.S. intervention that led Cuba to end the Spanish colonial presence. October 10 is now a national holiday in Cuba, called Gritto de Yaya, which means “Cry of Yara.”

1871 – The Great Chicago Fire

On October 10, 1871, the Great Chicago Fire finally burned out. The fire originally started on October 8, and after raging for a full day and a half, a light rain the evening of October 9 helped to extinguish the fire completely by the 10th. The fire was responsible for approximately 300 deaths and left more than 300,000 residents homeless. While the source of the fire has never been determined, it’s known the fire started in a neighborhood southwest of the city center.

1933 – United Airlines Boeing 247 Explosion

On October 10, 1933, the United Airlines Boeing 247 flight from Newark, New Jersey to Oakland, California, exploded mid-air. The airplane exploded near Chesterton, Indiana, and killed all passengers on board (three crew and four passengers). The blast was determined to be caused by an explosive device set off on the plane. Witnesses reported seeing the plane crash around 9:00 pm. The case remains unsolved to this day.

1967 – Outer Space Treaty is Ratified

The Outer Space Treaty was signed by the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union on January 27, 1967, and entered into force on October 10, 1967. The treaty forms the basis of international space law. Some of the main agreements of the treaty include the prohibition of nuclear weapons in space, limitations to the use of the Moon and all other celestial bodies to peaceful purposes only, and the establishment that no nation may claim sovereignty of outer space or any celestial body.

1970 – Fijian Independence

Fiji became an independent sovereign state on October 10, 1970. The country was granted its independence from Britain. Discussions surrounding complete independence for Fiji began in London in 1965. The British proposed the idea of introducing a new, responsible government so that they could bring the country to self-governance and, eventually, independence.

1982 – Pope John Paul II Canonizes Rev Maximilian

On October 10, 1982, Pope John Paul II canonized Rev Maximilian and made him a martyr of charity. Maximilian was heavily influenced by the Virgin Mary and became a priest as an adult. He is recognized for offering to take another man’s place in Auschwitz, where he eventually died.

2010 – The Country of Netherlands Antilles is Dissolved

The Netherland Antilles was an autonomous Carribean country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In 2009 it was agreed that the dissolution of the country would take place on October 10, 2010. After the dissolution, the “BES islands” of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba, became the Caribbean Netherlands. At the same time, the island of Curacao and Saint Maarten became constituent countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Famous Birthdays

1731 – Henry Cavendish

Henry Cavendish was born on October 10, 1731, in Nice. He was an English scientist, philosopher, chemist, and physicist. He is known for the discovery of hydrogen which he called ‘flammable air’ in 1766 at the age of 35.

1830 – Isabella II, Queen of Spain

Isabella was born in Madrid on October 10, 1830. She was the eldest daughter of King Ferdinard VII of Spain. She was able to become Queen with the support of her army, at the age of 13. Shortly after, at the age of 16, she was made to marry her double-first cousin. Isabella had a total of nine children, but only five survived into adulthood. She was eventually exiled to France in 1868 after years of a tumultuous rule.

1911 – Clare Hollingworth

Born on October 10, 1911, Clare Hollingworth was a journalist and author, originally born in the United Kingdom. She is best known for being the first correspondent to report the start of World War II. In 1939, she was a reporter of The Daily Telegraph, and while traveling from Poland to Germany, she saw German forces massed on the Polish border. She was the first person to report the German invasion of Poland just three days later. Queen Elizabeth II appointed Hollingwood with a “services to journalism” award in 1982.

1954 – David Lee Roth

David Lee Roth was born in Indiana on October 10, 1954. He is best known for being the former and current lead singer of rock band Van Halen. David Lee Roth had a relatively successful solo career but rejoined Van Halen in 2006, after many decades apart. He has a vocal range of five octaves and three notes.

Famous Deaths

2004 – Christopher Reeve

Actor Christopher Reeve, who played Superman, died on October 10, 2004. After suffering from a spinal cord injury that left him a quadriplegic, he lobbied for people suffering from spinal cord injuries and for further stem cell research. He was just 52 years old, and although no formal autopsy was performed, his wife believes that he died of an adverse reaction to a new antibiotic medication he was taking.

On October 15th

October 15 is the 288th day of the year 2019. This day will be on the 42nd week of 2019, according to the U.S. standard week number calculation. It is also a day that we remember major historical events that have shaped the World History. Some of the events include the World’s First Manned Balloon Flight, the Hurricane Hazel in Canada and its also the day when the World’s largest Military aircraft had its first test flight.

Historical Events of October 15

On this day in..

1783 – World’s First Manned Balloon Flight

Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier, a tutor from France, flew four minutes in the air balloon made by inventors Jacques-Ètienne Montgolfier and Joseph-Michael. The Montgolfier brothers built the World’s first balloon flight and sent the first living creature, a duck on the balloon.

1878 – Edison Electric Light Company incorporated

Thomas A. Edison founded the Edison Electric Light Company. Its primary goal was to finance Edison’s electric light experiments.

1937 – U.S.A. The Flying Fortress (Boeing XB-15)

The World’s largest Military aircraft “The Flying Fortress” construct by Boeing had its first flight test on October 15, 1937. It had a wingspan of almost 149 feet, and it was estimated to fly at 250 MPH using its 1,000 HP engines.

1940 – Charlie Chaplin’s Movie “The Great Dictator” debuts in U.S. A

Charlie Chaplin’s satirical comedy “The Great Dictator” was released in New York. The movie was all about mocking Adolf Hitler and the criminal nature of the Nazi regime.

1954 – Hurricane Hazel, Canada

Hurricane Hazel struck southern Ontario, Canada days after affecting various Caribbean countries and the American States along the eastern coastline. Eighty-one people were killed, and thousands of homes were washed away.

1990 – Russia Nobel Peace Prize

Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his leading role in ending the harsh Cold War between the Soviet Union and Western Powers that had been in place for approximately 50 years.

1994 – The return of Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide

Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide comes back to Haiti after being in exile for three years. He was reinstated as president of Haiti and served the remaining 18 months of his first term.

2003 – The Staten Island Ferry Crash

Eleven people were killed and dozens injured when a New York ferry, transporting passengers from Manhattan, crashed into a pier on Staten Island. One thousand five hundred passengers were on board.

Famous Birthdays

Famous people born on October 15 include:

Sarah, Duchess of York

Sarah Margaret Ferguson was born on October 15, 1959. She is a British writer, film producer, T.V. personality, and charity patron. She was married to Prince Andrew, Duke of York, for ten years.

Andrew Cole, Professional Footballer

This former Manchester United and England star was born on October 15, 1971. He scored 121 goals for Manchester United, played for 12 clubs in his career and made 15 appearances for his country, England.

Shutterstock image: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-photo/september-25th-2018-cork-ireland-andy-1189952539

David Trimble, First Prime Minister of Ireland

William David Trimble was born on October 15, 1944. He was elected the First Minister of Northern Ireland. He made history in his career through his efforts to find a peaceful solution to the constant conflict in Northern Ireland.

Famous Deaths

Some of the famous people who died on October 15 include:

Pope Urban VI

Known initially as Bartolomeo Prignano, Pope Urban VI died on October 15, 1389. He is among the top ten most controversial popes the World has ever known.

Paul Allen, Co-founder of Microsoft

Paul Allen died on October, 15th 2018, at the age of 65. He created Microsoft together with Bill Gates in 1975. He was also a renowned American businessman, investor, and philanthropist.

On October 14th

The middle of the harvest season, October 14th has witnessed some major historical events. Get to know some of the most famous events, births, and deaths that occurred on this day.

Famous October 14th Events

In the year 1066, the Battle of Hastings took place on October 14th. Perhaps one of the most famous battles of the Middle Ages, the event would change the course of European history. During the battle William the Conqueror defeated Harold II, King of England, who was killed during the battle. The outcome of the battle would establish Norman rule in England, leading to profound cultural change for its rulers and peoples.

On this day in 1892, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle published his 12-story collection, The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. Famous tales in the collection include “A Scandal in Bohemia,” “The Red-Headed League,” “The Adventure of the Speckled Band, and “A Case of Identity.” Doyle’s beloved fictional detective has been portrayed more than 200 times on film by more than 70 different actors—most recently, by Robert Downey Jr. Benedict Cumberbatch plays a modern-day Holmes in the hit television series Sherlock.

On October 14, 1943, 600 Jews attempted to storm the fences of the Sobibor concentration camp. About 300 were unsuccessful and immediately murdered in the camp’s gas chambers. About 300 escaped into the forest and while the Nazi guards killed most of the escapees, about 50 reached freedom, including a couple who would later testify against Nazis during the post-war trials. According to historians, about 167,000 people were murdered at Sobibór, although this is a modest estimate. Unlike other camps like Auschwitz where Jews performed some work, this one was created exclusively for killing.

On October 14, 1964, Martin Luther King Jr. was announced as the winner of the renowned Nobel Peace Prize. King received the prestigious award for his adherence to non-violence and his non-violent campaign to end racism. The prize committee was influenced by King’s famous “I Have a Dream” speech that took place in 1963 when he led 250,000 demonstrators to the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. King was assassinated four years later, but his efforts led to laws prohibiting racial discrimination.

On this day in 1968, the Beatles completed their famous White Album. The band’s 9th studio album, the White Album reached number one status on both the British and U.S. charts even though no singles were released. The album contains some of the band’s most popular songs including “While My Guitar Gently Weeps,” “Back in the U.S.S.R.,” “Dear Prudence,” and “Julia.” Though critics have called the album eccentric and highly variable, it’s often regarded with masterpiece standing, supporting the notion of Lennon and McCartney’s song-writing genius.

On October 14, 1978, network NBC premiered The Miracle Worker, a television adaptation of Helen Keller’s life story as well as the challenges of her teacher, Annie Sullivan. The film starred Patty Duke as Annie Sullivan (Duke previously won an Oscar for her portrayal of Keller in the 1962 film) and Melissa Gilbert as Helen Keller. Gilbert had already achieved fame at her young age for playing Laura Ingalls on Little House on the Prairie. The television event was a highlight of the year’s televised showings for its portrayal of the blind and deaf Keller who would go on to become a great scholar and author.

Famous October 14th Births

On October 14, 1633, James II was born in London to parents King Charles I and Henrietta Marie of France. King of England, Ireland, and Scotland, James II is, perhaps, best known for being deposed as ruler during The Glorious Revolution rather than for his achievements as ruler. His promotion of Roman Catholicism led to his clashes with Parliament. After he was forced to abdicate, the crown passed to joint rulers William and Mary.

On this day in 1890, the WWII American 5-star general and U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower was born in the Denison, Texas. A beloved war hero, Eisenhower led the successful invasion of France during the years of 1944-1945 and also ranked as the Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces during WWII. Eisenhower served as President from 1953 to 1961 and is remembered as one of the most distinguished American presidents of the 20th century.

On this day in 1893, Lillian Gish was born in Springfield, Ohio. She was a legendary silent film star who became known as the First Lady of American Cinema. In fact, she starred in the highest-grossing film of the Silent Era—The Birth of a Nation (1915). She died at the age of 99 in 1993.

In the 1927 on October 14th, Roger Moore, legendary film actor, was born in London. Moore achieved acclaim for his portrayal of Agent 007 James Bond in celebrated series films like Moonraker and Octopussy. Moore was known for his handsome good looks and suave personality. He also starred in noteworthy films like The Saint, The Sea Wolves, and Cannonball Run.

Famous October 14th Deaths

Razia Sultana, first female Muslim ruler, died on this day in the year 1240. She was the Sultan of Delhi from 1236 until her death at the hands of her brother’s forces. Historians note that she and her husband were killed during battle. During he reign, she ruled over large tracts of modern-day Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh.

On this day in 1944, Erwin Rommel, Rommel, notorious German Field Marshall committed suicide by taking a cyanide pill at the age of 52. Rommel was in charge of the African campaign and was a supporter of the Nazi regime and Adolf Hitler.

Australian actor Errol Flynn died on October 14, 1959 at the age of 50. Flynn died of a heart attack in Vancouver, Canada. He is best known for his role as Robin Hood in the 1939 version of the Adventures of Robin Hood. Other noteworthy films starring Flynn include Santa Fe Trail, Dodge City, and The Charge of the Light Brigade.

On October 13th

October 13th is a date that’s a landmark in survival-related human achievements. The day marks the beginning of a group of plane crash survivors’ ordeal trapped high up in the snowy Andes mountains, and the end of a group’s time trapped somewhere the polar opposite – trapped in a mine.

Famous Historical Events

1892: At the Mount Lemmon Observatory in the Santa Catalina mountains, near Tuscon, Arizona, American astronomer Edward Emerson Barnard discovered the first comet via photographic means. The comet received the unmemorable name of 206P/Barnard–Boattini before being “lost” until 2008.

1903: The Boston Red Sox, then known as the Boston Americans, won the first ever World Series in Major League Baseball, beating Pittsburgh Pirates. The game itself was an exciting one, with Boston coming back from a three games to one deficit, to win the final four games and as such, the title. Such a comeback has only happened on ten other occasions in professional baseball.

1972: Perhaps one of the most famous plane crashes of all time, and the inspiration for both books and movies, Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571’s crash in the Andes was a story that shocked the world. In order to survive, survivors of the crash had no choice but to eat the flesh of those who didn’t make it. Over two months after the crash, on the 23 December, 16 survivors were finally rescued following a heroic 10-day trek by two of the fittest passengers that found help.

1983: Now a part of AT&T, Ameritech Mobile Communications was the first company to provide a cellular network for cell phone owners in the U.S. The service was first launched to the public in Chicago, Illinois.

2010: 33 miners who were trapped underground as a result of a collapse at the Sane Jose Mine in the Atacama desert finally reached the surface following an ambitious rescue attempt. The mine, located around 800 km north of the capital Santiago, is one of the busiest copper and gold mines in Chile.

Famous Birthdays

2001: Caleb McLaughlin

Best known as Lucas in Stranger Things, Caleb McLaughlin began his acting career on Broadway as Young Simba in The Lion King musical. Since his breakthrough television role in Stranger Things, Caleb has gone on to appear in other shows such as and provided a voice over in popular Netflix series Final Space.

1989: Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez

Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez is an American politician best known for her outspoken activism and social media presence. Her victory in the 2018 midterm election primaries was widely regarded as being the biggest shock of the elections as she defeated a ten-term incumbent and won New York’s 14th congressional district.

1941: Paul Simon

Half of musical duo Simon and Garfunkel, Paul Simon has had a music career that spans a whopping seven decades. He has received a number of prestigious awards and accolades throughout his career, including being named as one of the “100 People Who Shaped the World” by Time Magazine in 2006, and being inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2001. 

1971: Sacha Baron Cohen

Sacha Baron Cohen is a British comedian who is famous for creating and portraying a wide range of fictional characters in both movies and television. His characters are often extremely stereotypical and satirical, this is especially true in the cases of Ali G and Borat.

On October 12th

Two of the greatest sportsmen to ever have competed in two of the greatest American sports share this date. One was born on October 12th, the other died. Both were at the forefront of greatness in their respective sports, and as such both are fondly remembered by not just fans of the teams they played for, but fans of the sport itself.

Famous Historical Events

1492: After over two months at sea, Italian-born explorer Christopher Columbus spotted land up ahead. This happened after an incredible 29 days without any sight of land. Today, San Salvador Island, as named by Columbus himself, is an extremely popular tourist destination for people from all around the world thanks to its beautiful scenery and impeccable white beaches.

1692: Following around 18 months of witch hunts, the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Province ordered them to cease. Of the 200 people accused of being witches, 19 were found guilty and executed. The Salem Witch Museum has a ton of information the trials and makes for a fascinating read for those interested in the occult.

1792: The First Celebration of Columbus Day is Held in New York City On the 300th anniversary of Columbus’ landing in the Bahamas, The Tammany Society in New York City held a celebration of his life. This celebration soon became an annual tradition and is now celebrated all throughout the United States.

1901: Almost 100 years after it was occupied by the 2nd president of the United States, John Adams, Theodore Roosevelt cemented the name that has stuck until this day when he had the stationery engraved with “White House – Washington”.

1928: Iron lung respirators were a vital means of keeping patients alive who were living with polio or botulism. A young girl at Boston Children’s Hospital was the first patient to receive life-saving report from an iron lung. Iron lungs continued to be a popular means of treatment throughout the 20th century, although only a few patients still remain using them in modern day America.

1984: Know as the Brighton Hotel Bombing, this incident was a terrorist attack against the top tier of the British Government by the terrorist group the Provisional Irish Republican Army. The Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, survived the attack in Brighton, England, and continued to run the country for another six years as the leader of the Conservative party.

Famous Birthdays

1935: Luciano Pavarotti

One of the most commercially successful opera singers of all time, Pavarotti made the transition from operatic tenor to a figure in mainstream music thanks to his incredible performances around the world. Pavarotti was best known for his work as part of The Three Tenors with Plácido Domingo and José Carreras, where together the trio performed at countless events around the globe. The most popular arguably being the 1994 World Cup finals in Los Angeles, where an estimated 1.3 billion people tuned in to watch on TV.

1906: Joe Cronin

Baseball Hall of Fame member Joe Cronin was born on this day in San Francisco, California. A seven-time All-Star, Cronin played for three different baseball teams during his illustrious career, the Pittsburgh Pirates, Washington Senators, and the Boston Red Sox. After his playing career ended, he was elected as the president of the American League, the first former player to receive this honor. He remained in this role until 1973, when he resigned after 14 years of service.

1968: Hugh Jackman

Known by many as Wolverine from the immensely popular X-Men franchise, Hugh Jackman has appeared in many films of many different genres since his breakthrough role as Wolverine in 2000’s X-Men. Since then, Jackman has been nominated and even won awards such as a Golden Globe for best actor in 2013 for his role in Les Misérables.

1875: Aleister Crowley

English magician, author, and pioneer of all things occult Aleister Crowley was born on this day in 1875. A published poet and author, as well as a respected commentator on politics, religion, philosophy, Crowley also founded the Thelema religion. An often controversial figure, Aleister Crowley is fondly remembered by his followers as a somewhat eccentric man.

Famous Deathdays

1999: Wilt Chamberlain

Wilt Chamberlain is often regarded as one of the greatest basketball players of all time by fans and critics of the sport. He holds numerous official NBA records in the scoring and rebounding categories. He’s also the only player in the history of the league that has scored an incredible hundred points in a single game. Chamberlain died of heart problems following decades of living with heart-related issues.

1997: John Denver

John Denver was a country and folk singer who was one of the most successful artists of his generation. Denver wrote and released an incredible 300 songs during his career, as well as an equally impressive ten gold albums and four platinum albums, an impressive feat for any musician. He also enjoyed a successful career acting, and was an outspoken political activist that also took part in a variety of humanitarian work in his later years. Denver lost his life in a plane crash piloting his light plane. He was an avid pilot and the only person on board at the time.

2015: Joan Leslie

Joan Leslie was a prominent actress during Hollywood’s “Golden Age”. Her acting career spanned almost 60 years and while her fame died out towards the end, she’s one of the biggest names from that important era in Hollywood history. She starred in films with such household names as Greta Garbo and Fred Astaire. Joan died of old age at the grand old age of 90, leaving behind her two children.

On October 11th

On this day, the world dropped the bomb on Fred Sanford, Prince, and stories about honest politicians while color television, comic books, and sketch comedy blasted off. Buckle up as we take a wild ride through the history of one day, October 11th.

On this day, the world dropped the bomb on Fred Sanford, Prince, and stories about honest politicians while color television, comic books, and sketch comedy blasted off. Buckle up as we take a wild ride through the history of one day, October 11th.

Historical Events

1939: President Franklin Delano Roosevelt receives a letter drafted by three Hungarian physicists and signed by Albert Einstein discussing the recent developments with uranium’s uses as an energy source and possible bomb. The letter warns FDR that Germany appears to be stockpiling the ore to create these atomic bombs and advises that the United States also procure this valuable resource. It’s considered the driving factor in the creation of the Manhattan Project which developed the first atomic bomb.

1950: The US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) issued the first license to broadcast in color and approved the CBS system as the US color broadcasting standard. However, the sales of color televisions were not what CBS anticipated and they stopped producing televisions altogether only three years later. Color TV did not really take off until the 1960s when more cost-effective models were introduced to the public.

1968: The United States launches the Apollo 7 space shuttle with astronauts Donn Eisele, Walter Cunningham, and Wally Schirra on board the first Apollo mission to carry a crew into space. This also marked the first time the country’s first live broadcast from space. An important step for the American space program, this mission helped pave the way for Neil Armstrong’s famous first step on the moon.

1975: Saturday Night Live premieres on NBC with comedian George Carlin as its first host. Although this first episode met with lackluster reviews, the sketch comedy show quickly became a huge success with more than four decades of weekly shows under its belt.

1981: The Rolling Stones had a yet unknown musical act open for them at the LA Coliseum for their Tattoo You tour, a flamboyant young man who called himself Prince. The rock and roll audience was less than receptive and threw bottles and booed loudly. The future superstar performed only five songs before storming off the stage to his first, and only, cheers of the night. Not a very auspicious welcome for future musical royalty.

Famous Birthdays

1759: Mason Locke Weems

Mason Locke Weems was a famous minister, writer, and liar. Weems penned a book entitled The Life and Memorable Actions of George Washington. Although he presented the work as a true biography, it was full of lies. This is where the fabric “I cannot tell a lie” story involving the cherry tree got its start. He died on May 23, 1825, at the age of 66.

1913: Joe Simon

Joe Simon spent his life creating superheroes. Along with his partner and friend Jack Kirby, Simon helped to create heroic comic book characters like Captain America, Black Talon, and Vision as well as villains such as the Red Skull, Sandman, and Jigsaw. Although he and Kirby fell out a few times, Joe Simon stayed a constant force in the comic book world, playing a vital role in getting Cap to the big screen. He died on December 14, 2011, at 98 years young.

Famous Deaths

1991: Redd Foxx

Fred Sanford finally went home to Elizabeth when Redd Foxx passed on this day in 1991. Born John Elroy Sanford on December 22, 1922, the comedian known as Redd Foxx made audiences laugh for decades before his death. He starred in the NBC sitcom Sanford and Son from 1972 to 1977.

Sources :

http://www.atomicarchive.com/Docs/Begin/Einstein.shtml

https://www.osti.gov/opennet/manhattan-project-history/Events/1939-1942/einstein_letter.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_television#Early_television

https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/apollo-7.html

https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/saturday-night-live-1975-first-773431

https://kearth101.radio.com/blogs/larry-morgan/seeing-prince-open-rolling-stones-los-angeles-memorial-coliseum

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Mason-Locke-Weems

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Joe-Simon

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Redd-Foxx