On September 3rd

This day in history changed the political landscape of the world as one war ended but another began. It was also a day of discoveries, as an English explorer made his way to North America, and humans landed a spacecraft on Mars.

Here are some of the significant events that took place on September 3.

Historical Events

1609: Henry Hudson Voyages to North America

While searching for the Northwest Passage, English explorer Henry Hudson found a waterway now known as the Hudson River. He and the crew of the Half Moon followed the river for 150 miles, eventually arriving in what would become Albany, New York. The Dutch later colonized the area.

1783: Treaty of Paris Signed

The last battle of the American Revolution took place in 1781 in Yorktown, Virginia. Although Britain surrendered, it didn’t recognize American independence until two years later. On September 3, 1783, the Treaty of Paris was signed at the Hotel d’York, formally ending the war.

1939: Britain Declares War on Germany

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain announced Britain’s declaration of war on Germany on September 3, 1939, marking the start of World War II. Two days earlier, Germany had invaded Poland and refused to withdraw its troops. More people died during the Second World War than any other war in history.

1950: First-Ever Formula One Champion Crowned

Italian race car driver Emilio Giuseppe “Nino” Farina drove his Alfa Romeo across the finish line in the final race of the 1950 World Drivers’ Championship on September 3, 1950. Winning three of seven races during the season, he became the first Formula One champion.

1976: NASA Lands a Spacecraft on Mars

NASA’s Viking 2 spacecraft gave us a close-up look at the Red Planet on September 3, 1976. After landing on Mars, Viking 2 transmitted the first color photograph of the planet. The craft spent more than three years on Mars, collecting scientific data and discovering the presence of elements such as carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen — all of which are required for life on Earth. Viking 2’s final transmission was in April, 1980.

1995: eBay is Founded

On September 3, 1995, entrepreneur Pierre Omidyar developed a website called Auction Web and listed its first item for sale: a broken laser pointer for $1. This project would soon evolve into a multinational online shopping platform for all kinds of goods and services. Now known as eBay, the site has 14,000 employees and revenues that exceeded $10.7 billion in 2018. This e-commerce giant later purchased PayPal and Skype.

Famous Birthdays

1875: Ferdinand Porsche

Inducted into the International Motorsports Hall of Fame in 1996, Ferdinand Porsche was an influential automotive engineer who worked on the Mercedes S and SSK, the Volkswagen Beetle and Porsche automobiles. He was also a member of the Nazi party and contributed significantly to German war efforts. After World War II, he was imprisoned by France as a war criminal for 22 months.

1965: Charlie Sheen

American actor Charlie Sheen appeared in movies such as Platoon, Wall Street and Eight Men Out. He replaced Michael J. Fox on the television series Spin City before starring in his own sitcom, Two and a Half Men.

Famous Deaths

1991: Frank Capra

Frank Capra’s classic film It’s A Wonderful Life (1946) is a favorite for many people every Christmas. The famed director’s legacy also includes the 1939 film Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, starring Jimmy Stewart, and the screwball comedy It Happened One Night (1934), which won in all five major categories at the Academy Awards.

On September 2nd

September 2nd has given rise to some extraordinary changes that have affected the entire globe. From transforming London into a blazing inferno to declarations of independence and heists, this is a day in history that has made an impact. Those who are born on this day have turned out to be megastars of film and sport — and haven’t looked at all bad while doing it.

Notable Events On September 2nd In History

31 BC: The Battle of Actium

This epic naval battle took place just off the coast of Greece. It saw Octavian (also known as Augustus) defeat the combined forces of Cleopatra and Mark Anthony. Through such a notorious, decisive victory, Octavian became the undisputed ruler of the Roman Empire. It is believed that the defeat of Mark Anthony’s 500 ships and 70,000 strong army was carried out by an army of 80,000 soldiers and 400 ships.

1666: Great Fire of London

Supposedly started in the bakery oven of Thomas Farriner, this is probably the most famous historical fire of all time. The fire started on Pudding Lane, an area that housed many warehouses full of oil, rope and timber. After a torrid summer in London, the blaze lasted for five days and rendered approximately 100,000 people homeless. A strong easterly wind also contributed to spreading the inferno from home to home.

1752: United Kingdom Adpots Gregorian Calendar

The Julian calendar had been used up until the inception of the British Calendar Act 1751, which was brought into action the following year. The most pressing issue with the Julian calendar was its lack of leap years — this meant the calendar was always eleven days ahead of the actual position of the earth. Also, using the Gregorian calendar meant the beginning of the year was officially moved from March 15th to January 1st.

1798: First Ever Bank Robbery in the United States

Philadelphia was ravaged by yellow fever during this year, an illness that went on to claim the lives of over 1,300 people in the city. During the turmoil, an inside job was carried out in what was then the capital city’s Bank of Pennsylvania. $162,821 was stolen — the equivalent of $3,093,599 today.

1931: Bing Crosby First Appears on the Radio

Bing Cosby went on to be heavily involved in the arms forces radio during World War II and his radio career spanned three decades. He worked on the radio during one of its most innovative and exciting times. In 1931, the technology of editing and recording had not yet been fully developed so Bing’s first shows were live.

1945: Ho Chi Minh Declares Vietnam Independent From France

Vietnam had been a colony of France since before the second world war. However, after France surrendered to Germany, the Japanese seized control of it. Ho Chi Minh saw this turmoil as an opportunity and returned to the homeland he had been in exile from for three decades to fight for independence.

Famous Birthdays

1964: Keanu Reeves

Keanu is one of the world’s most well-loved movie stars. He was born in Canada to an English mother and an American father of Chinese, Hawaiian, English, Irish and Portuguese descent. He has been praised by critics for his versatility and has starred in at least 70 films. One of the most groundbreaking appearances he made was in 1997’s The Matrix.

1965: Lennox Lewis

Lewis is a retired professional boxer who competed from 1989 to 2003. He holds dual Canadian and British citizenship but would represent Canada in the Olympics. He has defeated some huge names in the world of professional fighting, including Mike Tyson and Vitali Klitschko.

On August 31st

The 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, August 31st is an auspicious date with several interesting events. These events — including the births and deaths of notable people — shaped the future of our world. From the birth of a Roman emperor to the death of a British monarch, August 31st is a day marked by exceptional experiences.

Historical Events

On this day in …

1422: Nine-Month-Old Henry VI becomes King of England

The last of the Lancaster royals, Henry VI became King of England when his father died. He was only nine months old at that time. When he was old enough to take the throne fully, he founded Eton College and King’s College. He is also credited with causing the War of the Roses through his incompetent leadership.

1888: Jack the Ripper’s first victim found

At 3:40 am on this day in 1888, a cart driver named Charles Cross discovered the body of Mary Ann Nichols while on his way to work. Ms. Nichols — also known as Polly — was a prostitute and had become the first victim of London’s notorious serial killer, Jack the Ripper.

1920: 1st radio news program broadcast

On this day in 1920, the Detroit radio station 8MK broadcast the first radio news program. This station also made history as the first station to be owned by a newspaper, The Detroit News. The station was created as an experiment in the use of the medium news publication and had only been in operation for 10 days at the time.

1957: The US performs a nuclear test at Nevada test site

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) saw several nuclear tests throughout the cold war era. On this day in 1957, one such test, designated SMOKY, took place at the NTS. Part of the tests that made up Operation PLUMBBOB, SMOKY became notorious in the 70s due to over 3,000 servicemen being exposed to radiation during exercises conducted at the site shortly after the test. Several were later diagnosed with cancer.

2018: “A Star is Born” premiers at Venice Film Festival

This fourth incarnation of the film stars Bradley Cooper, also his directorial debut, and Lady Gaga, in her first major acting role. This Warner Bros’ version was met with a warm reception at the Venice Film Festival and went on to win several awards. Originally a 1937 film starring Janet Gaynor and Fredric March, other versions of the movie include a 1954 movie starring Judy Garland and James Mason as well as the 1978 adaptation with Barbra Streisand and Kris Kristofferson.

Famous Birthdays

On this day in …

12: Caligula

Born Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus in Antium — known as Anzio today — Caligula was the third emperor of Rome. In the beginning, he was a generous compassionate ruler, freeing political prisoners and recalling political exiles.

After an illness, Caligula changed drastically. He began regarding himself as a god, having alters erected to himself throughout his empire. He became cruel and irrational, murdering is adopted son and others for imagined slights, spending money recklessly and insulting the Roman Senate. In the end, a tribune of Roman guards murdered him.

Famous Deaths

On this day in …

1997: Princess Diana Spencer

On the night of August 31, 1997, Princess Diana Spencer died in a controversial car crash in Paris, France. The accident occurred overeager press forced her and her companion, Dodi Al-Fayad, to leave their private dinner at The Ritz early.

With Henri Paul driving, they were pursued by paparazzi. After a short high-speed chase through the narrow boulevards of central Paris, Paul crashed the Mercedes S-280 limo into the 13th pillar of the Pont d’Alma Bridge. Al-Fayad and Paul were killed instantly, Princess Diana died in the hospital a few hours later. Only her bodyguard, Trevor Rees-Jones, survived the accident. Princess Diana was 36 years old. She left behind two young sons and thousands of mourners.

On August 30th

The date of August 30th has brought the world so much. Classic books were published, famous authors were born and life-changing products were invented. Let’s look back at some of the incredible events that happened on this day.

August 30th Notable Events

1868: Publication of Little Women

On this date, the beloved children’s classic Little Women by Louisa May Alcott was first published. The August 30th publication featured the first volume in the serialized novel that told the story of four sisters during the time of the Civil War. Alcott’s sister, May, illustrated the first volume.

1901: Patent of Early Powered Vacuum Cleaner

On this day in 1901, British inventor Hubert Cecil Booth filed a patent for one of the first powered vacuum cleaners, which he called the Puffing Billy. Before his invention, vacuum clears worked by blowing air, not sucking. The original Puffing Billy wasn’t very practical to use; it was powered by a petrol engine pulled by horses outside the home. However, Booth later created a smaller vacuum that ran on electricity and changed the way we clean our homes.

1983: First African American in Space

On this day in 1983, Guion S. Bluford, Jr. became the first African American to travel into space. The Philadelphia-born NASA astronaut was a mission specialist on the space shuttle Challenger. Before his historic trip into space, Bluford had served as an Air Force pilot in Vietnam, for which he won several medals.

2001: Euro Currency Formally Introduced

While the euro was first introduced in 1999, it didn’t begin to replace local currencies until this date in 2001. The new euro currency brought a host of benefits, including making it easier to travel through Europe, but it’s not without controversy, such as smaller member countries feeling its use isn’t in their favor.

2013: India Launches Defense Satellite

Further establishing its place in the space market, India launched its first defense satellite on this date to enhance its navy’s surveillance capabilities. While it’s not the first satellite launched by India, GSAT-7 is the first one dedicated solely to military purposes.

Famous August 30th Birthdays

1797: Mary Shelley

Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, the author of Frankenstein, was born in London on this day in 1797. Shelley grew up in the unconventional household of her philosopher father, William Godwin, and eloped with poet Percy Bysshe Shelley when she was just 16 years old. She wrote many novels, but her most famous is Frankenstein, which some consider the first science-fiction novel.

1972: Cameron Diaz

Known for her long legs and megawatt smile, Cameron Diaz was born in San Deigo on this day in 1972. The California surfer girl got her start as a model but launched into acting to phenomenal success, starring in movie hits like The Mask, There’s Something About Mary and Charlie’s Angels.

Famous August 30th Deaths

1483: Louis XI, King of France

King Louis XI died on this day in Plessis-les-Tours, France. He was nicknamed the Spider King because of the webs of intrigue he cleverly spun, but he’s credited with strengthening and unifying France in the wake of the 100 Years’ War. With a reputation for being paranoid and reclusive, King Louis XI died from natural causes while isolated in his fortress in France.

2015: Wes Craven

Movie-goers will never look at Elm Street in their towns the same way again thanks to filmmaker Wes Craven and his A Nightmare on Elm Street franchise. Craven died on this day in Los Angeles after battling brain cancer.

On August 29th

August 29 is the day that a devastating hurricane forever changed New Orleans, while the testing of an atomic bomb kept an entire generation on edge. The Beatles played their final concert and the first seeds of an internet giant called Netflix were planted.

Here are some of the notable events that happened on this day:

Famous Events

1842: Treaty of Nanking Ends Opium War

The Opium War of 1839 was China’s first conflict with a western nation. It came to an end with the signing of the Treaty of Nanking on August 29, 1842. China made a number of concessions to Britain as a result: ceding the territory of Hong Kong, allowing Britain to trade at five ports instead of one, and paying an indemnity. It was the first of a number of unequal treaties that weakened the Qing dynasty.

1949: Soviet Union Detonates Its First Atomic Bomb

Hostilities between the United States and the Soviet Union intensified when the USSR tested its first atomic bomb on August 29, 1949. American experts didn’t expect the Soviet Union to have developed this capability so soon, and the nuclear arms race began in earnest. Both countries began creating more powerful bombs and tested hydrogen bombs within the next six years.

1966: The Beatles Say Goodbye

On a cold and foggy night on August 29, 1966, the Beatles stepped onto the stage in San Francisco’s Candlestick Park. None of the 25,000 fans in attendance knew that this would be the band’s final scheduled concert. The Beatles went on to play an impromptu rooftop concert in London in early 1969 before breaking up a year later.

1997: Netflix is Founded

Netflix co-founders Reed Hastings and Marc Randolph made their first foray into the video business by establishing a start-up called Kibble. Their business model was based on renting DVDs by mail. Kibble was later renamed Netflix. By 2002, the company was mailing 190,000 DVDs per day to 670,000 subscribers. It made its first venture into streaming in 2010, and had more than 100 million subscribers worldwide by 2018, creating the new concept of binge-watching.

2005: New Orleans is Devastated by Hurricane Katrina

One of the most destructive hurricanes in U.S. history made landfall in New Orleans on August 29, 2005. Hurricane Katrina generated winds of up to 175 miles per hour, peaking as a Category 5 hurricane. The storm surge resulted in the failure of 53 levees, causing flooding throughout the city. By August 30, 80% of New Orleans was under water. While many evacuees made their way to Houston, thousands of residents were stranded. Homes and businesses were destroyed and more than 1,800 people died.

Famous Birthdays

1632: John Locke

The work of English scholar John Locke helped form the foundation of western philosophy. He is credited with inspiring the Enlightenment as well as the French and American Revolutions with his theories about social contracts and individual rights.

1958: Michael Jackson

Known as the King of Pop, Michael Jackson began his musical career at the age of five as part of the Jackson 5. He went on to release best-selling albums such as Thriller and Bad and became one of the most influential cultural icons of modern history.

Famous Deaths

1982: Ingrid Bergman

Legendary actor and three-time Academy Award winner Ingrid Bergman appeared in more than 50 movies. Her role in Casablanca with Humphrey Bogart established her as a Hollywood star in the 1940s. Bergman appeared in a number of movies including For Whom The Bell Tolls, Notorious, Spellbound and Murder on the Orient Express. Born on August 29, 1915, the Swedish actor died on her birthday in 1982.

On August 27th

The date of August 27th is Independence Day in Moldova, and it’s a day that’s witnessed many other famous events over the years, decades and even centuries. Let’s look back at some fascinating things that happened on August 27th.

August 27th Famous Events

1665: First Play Performed in North America

On this date, the first known English-language play was put on at a tavern in Accomack, Virginia. We know about it because one of its authors and all three actors were arrested on charges of public wickedness. The court made them perform the play, titled Ye Bare and Ye Cubb (The Bear and the Cub), in court. It must’ve been good because the magistrate dropped the charges.

1859: Drilling of First Commercial Oil Well

Edwin Drake drilled the first commercial oil well on this date in 1859, setting off the oil boom in the U.S. Some say that the Titusville, Pennsylvania, oil well was the first commercial one in the world, but that idea is disputed by similar claims worldwide. What’s known for certain is that the Drake Well was the first of its kind in the U.S.

1913: All-Purpose Zipper Patented

Getting dressed would never be the same after this date in 1913. That’s when Swedish-American engineer Gideon Sundback filed a patent application for an all-purpose zipper. While working for the Universal Fastener Company, he improved on earlier prototypes by changing the size and number of teeth, putting two rows of teeth facing each other and adding a slider that joined them for a successful zip.

1955: First Guinness Book of Records Published

British twin brothers Norris and Ross McWhirter compiled the facts presented in the first-ever Guinness Book of Records, which was published on this day. The book was the brainchild of Sir Hugh Beaver, who was Managing Director of the Guinness Brewery at the time. He believed that the book would provide a great way to settle disputes in pubs. His hunch that a book of facts and figures could be popular proved right — Guinness World Records has gone on to sell more than 100 million copies.

1965: The Beatles Meet Elvis

It was the stuff of a 1960s teeny-bopper’s dream: The Fab Four and the King of Rock and Roll spending an evening together. This legendary meeting happened on this day in 1965; it was the only time the Beatles and Elvis Presley met. Adding to that night’s mystique is the absence of any photos or recordings. Both sides insisted on keeping it a pure meeting of musical minds — no reporters or photographers allowed.

2003: Mars Makes a Close Approach to Earth

On this date in 2003, Mars was closer to Earth than it’s been in about 60,000 years. The Red Planet was a mere 56 million kilometers away. According to NASA, humans need to wait until the year 2287 for Mars to get that close again.

Famous August 27th Birthdays

1952: Paul Reubens

Paul Reubens, the creator of Pee-Wee Herman, was born this day in 1952, in Peekskill, New York. Born Paul Rubenfeld, he started acting at a local theater in Sarasota, Florida, when he was 11 years old. Reubens’ big break came when he joined The Groundlings comedy troupe in L.A., where he developed the now well-known Pee-Wee Herman character.

Famous August 27th Deaths

1990: Stevie Ray Vaughan

Revered blues guitarist Stevie Ray Vaughan died in a helicopter crash near East Troy, Wisconsin. The American musician was 35 years old. He’s fondly remembered by music fans around the world and was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in 2015.

On August 26th

August 26th has been the perfect time of year for creativity, giving rise to some extraordinary innovations in art, music, and science. This day has been one of the most groundbreaking in history. Escape artists have defied the laws of nature and YouTubers have defied logic with notorious conflicts. Those born on this day range from talented artists to true saints.

Notable Events on August 26th in History

1498: Michaelangelo Commissioned to Carve the Pietá

Translated as The Pity in English, this intricate sculpture is synonymous with Renaissance art. Michaelangelo is believed to have been just 25 years old when he constructed this masterpiece. He had begun his artistic studies at 13 years old when he started an apprenticeship with the famous painter, Ghirlandaio.

1843: The First Typewriter is Patented

The first typewriter was surprisingly invented over 400 years after the first printing press. Charles Thurber obtained U.S patent 3228 for his invention on August 26th. While the machine was bulky and slow, it was the first invention of its type that inserted paper onto a roller and allowed it to move horizontally to enable accurate spacing. His model was never manufactured but it paved the way for the imminent DIY revolution.

1907: Houdini Escapes From Chains Underwater at Aquatic Park

It was on August 26th that Harry Houdini first performed the act in which he is lowered into the water in Aquatic Park in a chained box and escapes unharmed. Houdini was an illusionist and escapologist who turned out to be one of the highest-paid entrepreneurs during his time. While Houdini loved to play with audience perception, he was staunchly opposed to abusing so-called psychic powers by promising to connect people to lost loved ones.

1959: Britain Introduces the FIrst Morris Mini-Minor

The iconic Mini is now produced by German car manufacturer BMW, however, for decades it was seen as a staple of distinctly British popular culture and made by Morris. It was just 10 feet long and hailed in its day as the epitome of common sense and ingenuity. The car cost £378 and threw convention to the wind, setting new standards of comfort and road-worthiness in a very small car.

1968: The Beatles Release Hey Jude

This revered track by The Beatles was released on the 26th August, with Revolution as its b-side. It was the first record they release on their Apple record label and spent 19 weeks on the chart. Nine weeks of that were spent at number one. The band holds the record for the most number-one singles to this day.

2018; Boxing Match Between YouTubers Logan Paul and KSI Ends in a Draw

This was a crossover battle like the world had never seen before. Two of the biggest stars of YouTube — the most up and coming media platform — took part in a professional boxing match. They have nearly 40 million subscribers between them, so this was a hugely lucrative financial endeavor for both parties. The match ended in a draw, much to the disappointment of hordes of fans.

Famous Birthdays on the 26th of August

1910: Mother Theresa

Known as Saint Theresa of Calcutta in the Catholic church, this incredible woman touches the lives of millions of people through missionary work. She won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1976 and became a symbol of charity and selflessness.

1966: Shirley Manson

The outspoken singer in the band Garbage was revered for her edgy, sassy look and outspoken personality, underpinned with a thick Scottish accent. She went on to sing a James Bond theme tune and their song Number One Crush topped the U.S Billboard’s Hot Modern Rock Tracks chart.

On October 10th

October 10, 1871 was the day that the Great Chicago Fire started; it’s also the day that world came together to sign the Outer Space Treaty in 1967.

October is the tenth month of the year, and October 10th is repetitive (10/10), giving a special element to the day. Keep reading for the most significant events surrounding October 10, including an airline explosion that hasn’t been solved to this day and the birth of a female reporter who would be the first to report on the outbreak of World War II.

Historical Events

1868 – Cuba Revolts for Independence Against Spain

On the early morning of October 10th, 1868, sugar mill owner Carlos Manuel de Cespedes issued his cry of revolt. This uprising is known as the “10th of October Manifesto” at La Demajahua and was the start of an all-out military rebellion against the Spanish rule in Cuba. Cespedes freed all of his slaves and asked them to join the revolution. The rebellion turned into the “Ten Years’ War” which was part of Cuba’s struggle against their Spanish invaders. This war resulted in a U.S. intervention that led Cuba to end the Spanish colonial presence. October 10 is now a national holiday in Cuba, called Gritto de Yaya, which means “Cry of Yara.”

1871 – The Great Chicago Fire

On October 10, 1871, the Great Chicago Fire finally burned out. The fire originally started on October 8, and after raging for a full day and a half, a light rain the evening of October 9 helped to extinguish the fire completely by the 10th. The fire was responsible for approximately 300 deaths and left more than 300,000 residents homeless. While the source of the fire has never been determined, it’s known the fire started in a neighborhood southwest of the city center.

1933 – United Airlines Boeing 247 Explosion

On October 10, 1933, the United Airlines Boeing 247 flight from Newark, New Jersey to Oakland, California, exploded mid-air. The airplane exploded near Chesterton, Indiana, and killed all passengers on board (three crew and four passengers). The blast was determined to be caused by an explosive device set off on the plane. Witnesses reported seeing the plane crash around 9:00 pm. The case remains unsolved to this day.

1967 – Outer Space Treaty is Ratified

The Outer Space Treaty was signed by the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union on January 27, 1967, and entered into force on October 10, 1967. The treaty forms the basis of international space law. Some of the main agreements of the treaty include the prohibition of nuclear weapons in space, limitations to the use of the Moon and all other celestial bodies to peaceful purposes only, and the establishment that no nation may claim sovereignty of outer space or any celestial body.

1970 – Fijian Independence

Fiji became an independent sovereign state on October 10, 1970. The country was granted its independence from Britain. Discussions surrounding complete independence for Fiji began in London in 1965. The British proposed the idea of introducing a new, responsible government so that they could bring the country to self-governance and, eventually, independence.

1982 – Pope John Paul II Canonizes Rev Maximilian

On October 10, 1982, Pope John Paul II canonized Rev Maximilian and made him a martyr of charity. Maximilian was heavily influenced by the Virgin Mary and became a priest as an adult. He is recognized for offering to take another man’s place in Auschwitz, where he eventually died.

2010 – The Country of Netherlands Antilles is Dissolved

The Netherland Antilles was an autonomous Carribean country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In 2009 it was agreed that the dissolution of the country would take place on October 10, 2010. After the dissolution, the “BES islands” of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba, became the Caribbean Netherlands. At the same time, the island of Curacao and Saint Maarten became constituent countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Famous Birthdays

1731 – Henry Cavendish

Henry Cavendish was born on October 10, 1731, in Nice. He was an English scientist, philosopher, chemist, and physicist. He is known for the discovery of hydrogen which he called ‘flammable air’ in 1766 at the age of 35.

1830 – Isabella II, Queen of Spain

Isabella was born in Madrid on October 10, 1830. She was the eldest daughter of King Ferdinard VII of Spain. She was able to become Queen with the support of her army, at the age of 13. Shortly after, at the age of 16, she was made to marry her double-first cousin. Isabella had a total of nine children, but only five survived into adulthood. She was eventually exiled to France in 1868 after years of a tumultuous rule.

1911 – Clare Hollingworth

Born on October 10, 1911, Clare Hollingworth was a journalist and author, originally born in the United Kingdom. She is best known for being the first correspondent to report the start of World War II. In 1939, she was a reporter of The Daily Telegraph, and while traveling from Poland to Germany, she saw German forces massed on the Polish border. She was the first person to report the German invasion of Poland just three days later. Queen Elizabeth II appointed Hollingwood with a “services to journalism” award in 1982.

1954 – David Lee Roth

David Lee Roth was born in Indiana on October 10, 1954. He is best known for being the former and current lead singer of rock band Van Halen. David Lee Roth had a relatively successful solo career but rejoined Van Halen in 2006, after many decades apart. He has a vocal range of five octaves and three notes.

Famous Deaths

2004 – Christopher Reeve

Actor Christopher Reeve, who played Superman, died on October 10, 2004. After suffering from a spinal cord injury that left him a quadriplegic, he lobbied for people suffering from spinal cord injuries and for further stem cell research. He was just 52 years old, and although no formal autopsy was performed, his wife believes that he died of an adverse reaction to a new antibiotic medication he was taking.

On October 15th

October 15 is the 288th day of the year 2019. This day will be on the 42nd week of 2019, according to the U.S. standard week number calculation. It is also a day that we remember major historical events that have shaped the World History. Some of the events include the World’s First Manned Balloon Flight, the Hurricane Hazel in Canada and its also the day when the World’s largest Military aircraft had its first test flight.

Historical Events of October 15

On this day in..

1783 – World’s First Manned Balloon Flight

Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier, a tutor from France, flew four minutes in the air balloon made by inventors Jacques-Ètienne Montgolfier and Joseph-Michael. The Montgolfier brothers built the World’s first balloon flight and sent the first living creature, a duck on the balloon.

1878 – Edison Electric Light Company incorporated

Thomas A. Edison founded the Edison Electric Light Company. Its primary goal was to finance Edison’s electric light experiments.

1937 – U.S.A. The Flying Fortress (Boeing XB-15)

The World’s largest Military aircraft “The Flying Fortress” construct by Boeing had its first flight test on October 15, 1937. It had a wingspan of almost 149 feet, and it was estimated to fly at 250 MPH using its 1,000 HP engines.

1940 – Charlie Chaplin’s Movie “The Great Dictator” debuts in U.S. A

Charlie Chaplin’s satirical comedy “The Great Dictator” was released in New York. The movie was all about mocking Adolf Hitler and the criminal nature of the Nazi regime.

1954 – Hurricane Hazel, Canada

Hurricane Hazel struck southern Ontario, Canada days after affecting various Caribbean countries and the American States along the eastern coastline. Eighty-one people were killed, and thousands of homes were washed away.

1990 – Russia Nobel Peace Prize

Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his leading role in ending the harsh Cold War between the Soviet Union and Western Powers that had been in place for approximately 50 years.

1994 – The return of Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide

Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide comes back to Haiti after being in exile for three years. He was reinstated as president of Haiti and served the remaining 18 months of his first term.

2003 – The Staten Island Ferry Crash

Eleven people were killed and dozens injured when a New York ferry, transporting passengers from Manhattan, crashed into a pier on Staten Island. One thousand five hundred passengers were on board.

Famous Birthdays

Famous people born on October 15 include:

Sarah, Duchess of York

Sarah Margaret Ferguson was born on October 15, 1959. She is a British writer, film producer, T.V. personality, and charity patron. She was married to Prince Andrew, Duke of York, for ten years.

Andrew Cole, Professional Footballer

This former Manchester United and England star was born on October 15, 1971. He scored 121 goals for Manchester United, played for 12 clubs in his career and made 15 appearances for his country, England.

Shutterstock image: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-photo/september-25th-2018-cork-ireland-andy-1189952539

David Trimble, First Prime Minister of Ireland

William David Trimble was born on October 15, 1944. He was elected the First Minister of Northern Ireland. He made history in his career through his efforts to find a peaceful solution to the constant conflict in Northern Ireland.

Famous Deaths

Some of the famous people who died on October 15 include:

Pope Urban VI

Known initially as Bartolomeo Prignano, Pope Urban VI died on October 15, 1389. He is among the top ten most controversial popes the World has ever known.

Paul Allen, Co-founder of Microsoft

Paul Allen died on October, 15th 2018, at the age of 65. He created Microsoft together with Bill Gates in 1975. He was also a renowned American businessman, investor, and philanthropist.

On October 14th

The middle of the harvest season, October 14th has witnessed some major historical events. Get to know some of the most famous events, births, and deaths that occurred on this day.

Famous October 14th Events

In the year 1066, the Battle of Hastings took place on October 14th. Perhaps one of the most famous battles of the Middle Ages, the event would change the course of European history. During the battle William the Conqueror defeated Harold II, King of England, who was killed during the battle. The outcome of the battle would establish Norman rule in England, leading to profound cultural change for its rulers and peoples.

On this day in 1892, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle published his 12-story collection, The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. Famous tales in the collection include “A Scandal in Bohemia,” “The Red-Headed League,” “The Adventure of the Speckled Band, and “A Case of Identity.” Doyle’s beloved fictional detective has been portrayed more than 200 times on film by more than 70 different actors—most recently, by Robert Downey Jr. Benedict Cumberbatch plays a modern-day Holmes in the hit television series Sherlock.

On October 14, 1943, 600 Jews attempted to storm the fences of the Sobibor concentration camp. About 300 were unsuccessful and immediately murdered in the camp’s gas chambers. About 300 escaped into the forest and while the Nazi guards killed most of the escapees, about 50 reached freedom, including a couple who would later testify against Nazis during the post-war trials. According to historians, about 167,000 people were murdered at Sobibór, although this is a modest estimate. Unlike other camps like Auschwitz where Jews performed some work, this one was created exclusively for killing.

On October 14, 1964, Martin Luther King Jr. was announced as the winner of the renowned Nobel Peace Prize. King received the prestigious award for his adherence to non-violence and his non-violent campaign to end racism. The prize committee was influenced by King’s famous “I Have a Dream” speech that took place in 1963 when he led 250,000 demonstrators to the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. King was assassinated four years later, but his efforts led to laws prohibiting racial discrimination.

On this day in 1968, the Beatles completed their famous White Album. The band’s 9th studio album, the White Album reached number one status on both the British and U.S. charts even though no singles were released. The album contains some of the band’s most popular songs including “While My Guitar Gently Weeps,” “Back in the U.S.S.R.,” “Dear Prudence,” and “Julia.” Though critics have called the album eccentric and highly variable, it’s often regarded with masterpiece standing, supporting the notion of Lennon and McCartney’s song-writing genius.

On October 14, 1978, network NBC premiered The Miracle Worker, a television adaptation of Helen Keller’s life story as well as the challenges of her teacher, Annie Sullivan. The film starred Patty Duke as Annie Sullivan (Duke previously won an Oscar for her portrayal of Keller in the 1962 film) and Melissa Gilbert as Helen Keller. Gilbert had already achieved fame at her young age for playing Laura Ingalls on Little House on the Prairie. The television event was a highlight of the year’s televised showings for its portrayal of the blind and deaf Keller who would go on to become a great scholar and author.

Famous October 14th Births

On October 14, 1633, James II was born in London to parents King Charles I and Henrietta Marie of France. King of England, Ireland, and Scotland, James II is, perhaps, best known for being deposed as ruler during The Glorious Revolution rather than for his achievements as ruler. His promotion of Roman Catholicism led to his clashes with Parliament. After he was forced to abdicate, the crown passed to joint rulers William and Mary.

On this day in 1890, the WWII American 5-star general and U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower was born in the Denison, Texas. A beloved war hero, Eisenhower led the successful invasion of France during the years of 1944-1945 and also ranked as the Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces during WWII. Eisenhower served as President from 1953 to 1961 and is remembered as one of the most distinguished American presidents of the 20th century.

On this day in 1893, Lillian Gish was born in Springfield, Ohio. She was a legendary silent film star who became known as the First Lady of American Cinema. In fact, she starred in the highest-grossing film of the Silent Era—The Birth of a Nation (1915). She died at the age of 99 in 1993.

In the 1927 on October 14th, Roger Moore, legendary film actor, was born in London. Moore achieved acclaim for his portrayal of Agent 007 James Bond in celebrated series films like Moonraker and Octopussy. Moore was known for his handsome good looks and suave personality. He also starred in noteworthy films like The Saint, The Sea Wolves, and Cannonball Run.

Famous October 14th Deaths

Razia Sultana, first female Muslim ruler, died on this day in the year 1240. She was the Sultan of Delhi from 1236 until her death at the hands of her brother’s forces. Historians note that she and her husband were killed during battle. During he reign, she ruled over large tracts of modern-day Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh.

On this day in 1944, Erwin Rommel, Rommel, notorious German Field Marshall committed suicide by taking a cyanide pill at the age of 52. Rommel was in charge of the African campaign and was a supporter of the Nazi regime and Adolf Hitler.

Australian actor Errol Flynn died on October 14, 1959 at the age of 50. Flynn died of a heart attack in Vancouver, Canada. He is best known for his role as Robin Hood in the 1939 version of the Adventures of Robin Hood. Other noteworthy films starring Flynn include Santa Fe Trail, Dodge City, and The Charge of the Light Brigade.