On August 26th

August 26th has been the perfect time of year for creativity, giving rise to some extraordinary innovations in art, music, and science. This day has been one of the most groundbreaking in history. Escape artists have defied the laws of nature and YouTubers have defied logic with notorious conflicts. Those born on this day range from talented artists to true saints.

Notable Events on August 26th in History

1498: Michaelangelo Commissioned to Carve the Pietá

Translated as The Pity in English, this intricate sculpture is synonymous with Renaissance art. Michaelangelo is believed to have been just 25 years old when he constructed this masterpiece. He had begun his artistic studies at 13 years old when he started an apprenticeship with the famous painter, Ghirlandaio.

1843: The First Typewriter is Patented

The first typewriter was surprisingly invented over 400 years after the first printing press. Charles Thurber obtained U.S patent 3228 for his invention on August 26th. While the machine was bulky and slow, it was the first invention of its type that inserted paper onto a roller and allowed it to move horizontally to enable accurate spacing. His model was never manufactured but it paved the way for the imminent DIY revolution.

1907: Houdini Escapes From Chains Underwater at Aquatic Park

It was on August 26th that Harry Houdini first performed the act in which he is lowered into the water in Aquatic Park in a chained box and escapes unharmed. Houdini was an illusionist and escapologist who turned out to be one of the highest-paid entrepreneurs during his time. While Houdini loved to play with audience perception, he was staunchly opposed to abusing so-called psychic powers by promising to connect people to lost loved ones.

1959: Britain Introduces the FIrst Morris Mini-Minor

The iconic Mini is now produced by German car manufacturer BMW, however, for decades it was seen as a staple of distinctly British popular culture and made by Morris. It was just 10 feet long and hailed in its day as the epitome of common sense and ingenuity. The car cost £378 and threw convention to the wind, setting new standards of comfort and road-worthiness in a very small car.

1968: The Beatles Release Hey Jude

This revered track by The Beatles was released on the 26th August, with Revolution as its b-side. It was the first record they release on their Apple record label and spent 19 weeks on the chart. Nine weeks of that were spent at number one. The band holds the record for the most number-one singles to this day.

2018; Boxing Match Between YouTubers Logan Paul and KSI Ends in a Draw

This was a crossover battle like the world had never seen before. Two of the biggest stars of YouTube — the most up and coming media platform — took part in a professional boxing match. They have nearly 40 million subscribers between them, so this was a hugely lucrative financial endeavor for both parties. The match ended in a draw, much to the disappointment of hordes of fans.

Famous Birthdays on the 26th of August

1910: Mother Theresa

Known as Saint Theresa of Calcutta in the Catholic church, this incredible woman touches the lives of millions of people through missionary work. She won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1976 and became a symbol of charity and selflessness.

1966: Shirley Manson

The outspoken singer in the band Garbage was revered for her edgy, sassy look and outspoken personality, underpinned with a thick Scottish accent. She went on to sing a James Bond theme tune and their song Number One Crush topped the U.S Billboard’s Hot Modern Rock Tracks chart.

On October 10th

October 10, 1871 was the day that the Great Chicago Fire started; it’s also the day that world came together to sign the Outer Space Treaty in 1967.

October is the tenth month of the year, and October 10th is repetitive (10/10), giving a special element to the day. Keep reading for the most significant events surrounding October 10, including an airline explosion that hasn’t been solved to this day and the birth of a female reporter who would be the first to report on the outbreak of World War II.

Historical Events

1868 – Cuba Revolts for Independence Against Spain

On the early morning of October 10th, 1868, sugar mill owner Carlos Manuel de Cespedes issued his cry of revolt. This uprising is known as the “10th of October Manifesto” at La Demajahua and was the start of an all-out military rebellion against the Spanish rule in Cuba. Cespedes freed all of his slaves and asked them to join the revolution. The rebellion turned into the “Ten Years’ War” which was part of Cuba’s struggle against their Spanish invaders. This war resulted in a U.S. intervention that led Cuba to end the Spanish colonial presence. October 10 is now a national holiday in Cuba, called Gritto de Yaya, which means “Cry of Yara.”

1871 – The Great Chicago Fire

On October 10, 1871, the Great Chicago Fire finally burned out. The fire originally started on October 8, and after raging for a full day and a half, a light rain the evening of October 9 helped to extinguish the fire completely by the 10th. The fire was responsible for approximately 300 deaths and left more than 300,000 residents homeless. While the source of the fire has never been determined, it’s known the fire started in a neighborhood southwest of the city center.

1933 – United Airlines Boeing 247 Explosion

On October 10, 1933, the United Airlines Boeing 247 flight from Newark, New Jersey to Oakland, California, exploded mid-air. The airplane exploded near Chesterton, Indiana, and killed all passengers on board (three crew and four passengers). The blast was determined to be caused by an explosive device set off on the plane. Witnesses reported seeing the plane crash around 9:00 pm. The case remains unsolved to this day.

1967 – Outer Space Treaty is Ratified

The Outer Space Treaty was signed by the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union on January 27, 1967, and entered into force on October 10, 1967. The treaty forms the basis of international space law. Some of the main agreements of the treaty include the prohibition of nuclear weapons in space, limitations to the use of the Moon and all other celestial bodies to peaceful purposes only, and the establishment that no nation may claim sovereignty of outer space or any celestial body.

1970 – Fijian Independence

Fiji became an independent sovereign state on October 10, 1970. The country was granted its independence from Britain. Discussions surrounding complete independence for Fiji began in London in 1965. The British proposed the idea of introducing a new, responsible government so that they could bring the country to self-governance and, eventually, independence.

1982 – Pope John Paul II Canonizes Rev Maximilian

On October 10, 1982, Pope John Paul II canonized Rev Maximilian and made him a martyr of charity. Maximilian was heavily influenced by the Virgin Mary and became a priest as an adult. He is recognized for offering to take another man’s place in Auschwitz, where he eventually died.

2010 – The Country of Netherlands Antilles is Dissolved

The Netherland Antilles was an autonomous Carribean country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In 2009 it was agreed that the dissolution of the country would take place on October 10, 2010. After the dissolution, the “BES islands” of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba, became the Caribbean Netherlands. At the same time, the island of Curacao and Saint Maarten became constituent countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Famous Birthdays

1731 – Henry Cavendish

Henry Cavendish was born on October 10, 1731, in Nice. He was an English scientist, philosopher, chemist, and physicist. He is known for the discovery of hydrogen which he called ‘flammable air’ in 1766 at the age of 35.

1830 – Isabella II, Queen of Spain

Isabella was born in Madrid on October 10, 1830. She was the eldest daughter of King Ferdinard VII of Spain. She was able to become Queen with the support of her army, at the age of 13. Shortly after, at the age of 16, she was made to marry her double-first cousin. Isabella had a total of nine children, but only five survived into adulthood. She was eventually exiled to France in 1868 after years of a tumultuous rule.

1911 – Clare Hollingworth

Born on October 10, 1911, Clare Hollingworth was a journalist and author, originally born in the United Kingdom. She is best known for being the first correspondent to report the start of World War II. In 1939, she was a reporter of The Daily Telegraph, and while traveling from Poland to Germany, she saw German forces massed on the Polish border. She was the first person to report the German invasion of Poland just three days later. Queen Elizabeth II appointed Hollingwood with a “services to journalism” award in 1982.

1954 – David Lee Roth

David Lee Roth was born in Indiana on October 10, 1954. He is best known for being the former and current lead singer of rock band Van Halen. David Lee Roth had a relatively successful solo career but rejoined Van Halen in 2006, after many decades apart. He has a vocal range of five octaves and three notes.

Famous Deaths

2004 – Christopher Reeve

Actor Christopher Reeve, who played Superman, died on October 10, 2004. After suffering from a spinal cord injury that left him a quadriplegic, he lobbied for people suffering from spinal cord injuries and for further stem cell research. He was just 52 years old, and although no formal autopsy was performed, his wife believes that he died of an adverse reaction to a new antibiotic medication he was taking.

On October 15th

October 15 is the 288th day of the year 2019. This day will be on the 42nd week of 2019, according to the U.S. standard week number calculation. It is also a day that we remember major historical events that have shaped the World History. Some of the events include the World’s First Manned Balloon Flight, the Hurricane Hazel in Canada and its also the day when the World’s largest Military aircraft had its first test flight.

Historical Events of October 15

On this day in..

1783 – World’s First Manned Balloon Flight

Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier, a tutor from France, flew four minutes in the air balloon made by inventors Jacques-Ètienne Montgolfier and Joseph-Michael. The Montgolfier brothers built the World’s first balloon flight and sent the first living creature, a duck on the balloon.

1878 – Edison Electric Light Company incorporated

Thomas A. Edison founded the Edison Electric Light Company. Its primary goal was to finance Edison’s electric light experiments.

1937 – U.S.A. The Flying Fortress (Boeing XB-15)

The World’s largest Military aircraft “The Flying Fortress” construct by Boeing had its first flight test on October 15, 1937. It had a wingspan of almost 149 feet, and it was estimated to fly at 250 MPH using its 1,000 HP engines.

1940 – Charlie Chaplin’s Movie “The Great Dictator” debuts in U.S. A

Charlie Chaplin’s satirical comedy “The Great Dictator” was released in New York. The movie was all about mocking Adolf Hitler and the criminal nature of the Nazi regime.

1954 – Hurricane Hazel, Canada

Hurricane Hazel struck southern Ontario, Canada days after affecting various Caribbean countries and the American States along the eastern coastline. Eighty-one people were killed, and thousands of homes were washed away.

1990 – Russia Nobel Peace Prize

Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his leading role in ending the harsh Cold War between the Soviet Union and Western Powers that had been in place for approximately 50 years.

1994 – The return of Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide

Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide comes back to Haiti after being in exile for three years. He was reinstated as president of Haiti and served the remaining 18 months of his first term.

2003 – The Staten Island Ferry Crash

Eleven people were killed and dozens injured when a New York ferry, transporting passengers from Manhattan, crashed into a pier on Staten Island. One thousand five hundred passengers were on board.

Famous Birthdays

Famous people born on October 15 include:

Sarah, Duchess of York

Sarah Margaret Ferguson was born on October 15, 1959. She is a British writer, film producer, T.V. personality, and charity patron. She was married to Prince Andrew, Duke of York, for ten years.

Andrew Cole, Professional Footballer

This former Manchester United and England star was born on October 15, 1971. He scored 121 goals for Manchester United, played for 12 clubs in his career and made 15 appearances for his country, England.

Shutterstock image: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-photo/september-25th-2018-cork-ireland-andy-1189952539

David Trimble, First Prime Minister of Ireland

William David Trimble was born on October 15, 1944. He was elected the First Minister of Northern Ireland. He made history in his career through his efforts to find a peaceful solution to the constant conflict in Northern Ireland.

Famous Deaths

Some of the famous people who died on October 15 include:

Pope Urban VI

Known initially as Bartolomeo Prignano, Pope Urban VI died on October 15, 1389. He is among the top ten most controversial popes the World has ever known.

Paul Allen, Co-founder of Microsoft

Paul Allen died on October, 15th 2018, at the age of 65. He created Microsoft together with Bill Gates in 1975. He was also a renowned American businessman, investor, and philanthropist.

On October 14th

The middle of the harvest season, October 14th has witnessed some major historical events. Get to know some of the most famous events, births, and deaths that occurred on this day.

Famous October 14th Events

In the year 1066, the Battle of Hastings took place on October 14th. Perhaps one of the most famous battles of the Middle Ages, the event would change the course of European history. During the battle William the Conqueror defeated Harold II, King of England, who was killed during the battle. The outcome of the battle would establish Norman rule in England, leading to profound cultural change for its rulers and peoples.

On this day in 1892, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle published his 12-story collection, The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. Famous tales in the collection include “A Scandal in Bohemia,” “The Red-Headed League,” “The Adventure of the Speckled Band, and “A Case of Identity.” Doyle’s beloved fictional detective has been portrayed more than 200 times on film by more than 70 different actors—most recently, by Robert Downey Jr. Benedict Cumberbatch plays a modern-day Holmes in the hit television series Sherlock.

On October 14, 1943, 600 Jews attempted to storm the fences of the Sobibor concentration camp. About 300 were unsuccessful and immediately murdered in the camp’s gas chambers. About 300 escaped into the forest and while the Nazi guards killed most of the escapees, about 50 reached freedom, including a couple who would later testify against Nazis during the post-war trials. According to historians, about 167,000 people were murdered at Sobibór, although this is a modest estimate. Unlike other camps like Auschwitz where Jews performed some work, this one was created exclusively for killing.

On October 14, 1964, Martin Luther King Jr. was announced as the winner of the renowned Nobel Peace Prize. King received the prestigious award for his adherence to non-violence and his non-violent campaign to end racism. The prize committee was influenced by King’s famous “I Have a Dream” speech that took place in 1963 when he led 250,000 demonstrators to the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. King was assassinated four years later, but his efforts led to laws prohibiting racial discrimination.

On this day in 1968, the Beatles completed their famous White Album. The band’s 9th studio album, the White Album reached number one status on both the British and U.S. charts even though no singles were released. The album contains some of the band’s most popular songs including “While My Guitar Gently Weeps,” “Back in the U.S.S.R.,” “Dear Prudence,” and “Julia.” Though critics have called the album eccentric and highly variable, it’s often regarded with masterpiece standing, supporting the notion of Lennon and McCartney’s song-writing genius.

On October 14, 1978, network NBC premiered The Miracle Worker, a television adaptation of Helen Keller’s life story as well as the challenges of her teacher, Annie Sullivan. The film starred Patty Duke as Annie Sullivan (Duke previously won an Oscar for her portrayal of Keller in the 1962 film) and Melissa Gilbert as Helen Keller. Gilbert had already achieved fame at her young age for playing Laura Ingalls on Little House on the Prairie. The television event was a highlight of the year’s televised showings for its portrayal of the blind and deaf Keller who would go on to become a great scholar and author.

Famous October 14th Births

On October 14, 1633, James II was born in London to parents King Charles I and Henrietta Marie of France. King of England, Ireland, and Scotland, James II is, perhaps, best known for being deposed as ruler during The Glorious Revolution rather than for his achievements as ruler. His promotion of Roman Catholicism led to his clashes with Parliament. After he was forced to abdicate, the crown passed to joint rulers William and Mary.

On this day in 1890, the WWII American 5-star general and U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower was born in the Denison, Texas. A beloved war hero, Eisenhower led the successful invasion of France during the years of 1944-1945 and also ranked as the Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces during WWII. Eisenhower served as President from 1953 to 1961 and is remembered as one of the most distinguished American presidents of the 20th century.

On this day in 1893, Lillian Gish was born in Springfield, Ohio. She was a legendary silent film star who became known as the First Lady of American Cinema. In fact, she starred in the highest-grossing film of the Silent Era—The Birth of a Nation (1915). She died at the age of 99 in 1993.

In the 1927 on October 14th, Roger Moore, legendary film actor, was born in London. Moore achieved acclaim for his portrayal of Agent 007 James Bond in celebrated series films like Moonraker and Octopussy. Moore was known for his handsome good looks and suave personality. He also starred in noteworthy films like The Saint, The Sea Wolves, and Cannonball Run.

Famous October 14th Deaths

Razia Sultana, first female Muslim ruler, died on this day in the year 1240. She was the Sultan of Delhi from 1236 until her death at the hands of her brother’s forces. Historians note that she and her husband were killed during battle. During he reign, she ruled over large tracts of modern-day Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh.

On this day in 1944, Erwin Rommel, Rommel, notorious German Field Marshall committed suicide by taking a cyanide pill at the age of 52. Rommel was in charge of the African campaign and was a supporter of the Nazi regime and Adolf Hitler.

Australian actor Errol Flynn died on October 14, 1959 at the age of 50. Flynn died of a heart attack in Vancouver, Canada. He is best known for his role as Robin Hood in the 1939 version of the Adventures of Robin Hood. Other noteworthy films starring Flynn include Santa Fe Trail, Dodge City, and The Charge of the Light Brigade.

On October 13th

October 13th is a date that’s a landmark in survival-related human achievements. The day marks the beginning of a group of plane crash survivors’ ordeal trapped high up in the snowy Andes mountains, and the end of a group’s time trapped somewhere the polar opposite – trapped in a mine.

Famous Historical Events

1892: At the Mount Lemmon Observatory in the Santa Catalina mountains, near Tuscon, Arizona, American astronomer Edward Emerson Barnard discovered the first comet via photographic means. The comet received the unmemorable name of 206P/Barnard–Boattini before being “lost” until 2008.

1903: The Boston Red Sox, then known as the Boston Americans, won the first ever World Series in Major League Baseball, beating Pittsburgh Pirates. The game itself was an exciting one, with Boston coming back from a three games to one deficit, to win the final four games and as such, the title. Such a comeback has only happened on ten other occasions in professional baseball.

1972: Perhaps one of the most famous plane crashes of all time, and the inspiration for both books and movies, Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571’s crash in the Andes was a story that shocked the world. In order to survive, survivors of the crash had no choice but to eat the flesh of those who didn’t make it. Over two months after the crash, on the 23 December, 16 survivors were finally rescued following a heroic 10-day trek by two of the fittest passengers that found help.

1983: Now a part of AT&T, Ameritech Mobile Communications was the first company to provide a cellular network for cell phone owners in the U.S. The service was first launched to the public in Chicago, Illinois.

2010: 33 miners who were trapped underground as a result of a collapse at the Sane Jose Mine in the Atacama desert finally reached the surface following an ambitious rescue attempt. The mine, located around 800 km north of the capital Santiago, is one of the busiest copper and gold mines in Chile.

Famous Birthdays

2001: Caleb McLaughlin

Best known as Lucas in Stranger Things, Caleb McLaughlin began his acting career on Broadway as Young Simba in The Lion King musical. Since his breakthrough television role in Stranger Things, Caleb has gone on to appear in other shows such as and provided a voice over in popular Netflix series Final Space.

1989: Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez

Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez is an American politician best known for her outspoken activism and social media presence. Her victory in the 2018 midterm election primaries was widely regarded as being the biggest shock of the elections as she defeated a ten-term incumbent and won New York’s 14th congressional district.

1941: Paul Simon

Half of musical duo Simon and Garfunkel, Paul Simon has had a music career that spans a whopping seven decades. He has received a number of prestigious awards and accolades throughout his career, including being named as one of the “100 People Who Shaped the World” by Time Magazine in 2006, and being inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2001. 

1971: Sacha Baron Cohen

Sacha Baron Cohen is a British comedian who is famous for creating and portraying a wide range of fictional characters in both movies and television. His characters are often extremely stereotypical and satirical, this is especially true in the cases of Ali G and Borat.

On October 12th

Two of the greatest sportsmen to ever have competed in two of the greatest American sports share this date. One was born on October 12th, the other died. Both were at the forefront of greatness in their respective sports, and as such both are fondly remembered by not just fans of the teams they played for, but fans of the sport itself.

Famous Historical Events

1492: After over two months at sea, Italian-born explorer Christopher Columbus spotted land up ahead. This happened after an incredible 29 days without any sight of land. Today, San Salvador Island, as named by Columbus himself, is an extremely popular tourist destination for people from all around the world thanks to its beautiful scenery and impeccable white beaches.

1692: Following around 18 months of witch hunts, the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Province ordered them to cease. Of the 200 people accused of being witches, 19 were found guilty and executed. The Salem Witch Museum has a ton of information the trials and makes for a fascinating read for those interested in the occult.

1792: The First Celebration of Columbus Day is Held in New York City On the 300th anniversary of Columbus’ landing in the Bahamas, The Tammany Society in New York City held a celebration of his life. This celebration soon became an annual tradition and is now celebrated all throughout the United States.

1901: Almost 100 years after it was occupied by the 2nd president of the United States, John Adams, Theodore Roosevelt cemented the name that has stuck until this day when he had the stationery engraved with “White House – Washington”.

1928: Iron lung respirators were a vital means of keeping patients alive who were living with polio or botulism. A young girl at Boston Children’s Hospital was the first patient to receive life-saving report from an iron lung. Iron lungs continued to be a popular means of treatment throughout the 20th century, although only a few patients still remain using them in modern day America.

1984: Know as the Brighton Hotel Bombing, this incident was a terrorist attack against the top tier of the British Government by the terrorist group the Provisional Irish Republican Army. The Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, survived the attack in Brighton, England, and continued to run the country for another six years as the leader of the Conservative party.

Famous Birthdays

1935: Luciano Pavarotti

One of the most commercially successful opera singers of all time, Pavarotti made the transition from operatic tenor to a figure in mainstream music thanks to his incredible performances around the world. Pavarotti was best known for his work as part of The Three Tenors with Plácido Domingo and José Carreras, where together the trio performed at countless events around the globe. The most popular arguably being the 1994 World Cup finals in Los Angeles, where an estimated 1.3 billion people tuned in to watch on TV.

1906: Joe Cronin

Baseball Hall of Fame member Joe Cronin was born on this day in San Francisco, California. A seven-time All-Star, Cronin played for three different baseball teams during his illustrious career, the Pittsburgh Pirates, Washington Senators, and the Boston Red Sox. After his playing career ended, he was elected as the president of the American League, the first former player to receive this honor. He remained in this role until 1973, when he resigned after 14 years of service.

1968: Hugh Jackman

Known by many as Wolverine from the immensely popular X-Men franchise, Hugh Jackman has appeared in many films of many different genres since his breakthrough role as Wolverine in 2000’s X-Men. Since then, Jackman has been nominated and even won awards such as a Golden Globe for best actor in 2013 for his role in Les Misérables.

1875: Aleister Crowley

English magician, author, and pioneer of all things occult Aleister Crowley was born on this day in 1875. A published poet and author, as well as a respected commentator on politics, religion, philosophy, Crowley also founded the Thelema religion. An often controversial figure, Aleister Crowley is fondly remembered by his followers as a somewhat eccentric man.

Famous Deathdays

1999: Wilt Chamberlain

Wilt Chamberlain is often regarded as one of the greatest basketball players of all time by fans and critics of the sport. He holds numerous official NBA records in the scoring and rebounding categories. He’s also the only player in the history of the league that has scored an incredible hundred points in a single game. Chamberlain died of heart problems following decades of living with heart-related issues.

1997: John Denver

John Denver was a country and folk singer who was one of the most successful artists of his generation. Denver wrote and released an incredible 300 songs during his career, as well as an equally impressive ten gold albums and four platinum albums, an impressive feat for any musician. He also enjoyed a successful career acting, and was an outspoken political activist that also took part in a variety of humanitarian work in his later years. Denver lost his life in a plane crash piloting his light plane. He was an avid pilot and the only person on board at the time.

2015: Joan Leslie

Joan Leslie was a prominent actress during Hollywood’s “Golden Age”. Her acting career spanned almost 60 years and while her fame died out towards the end, she’s one of the biggest names from that important era in Hollywood history. She starred in films with such household names as Greta Garbo and Fred Astaire. Joan died of old age at the grand old age of 90, leaving behind her two children.

On October 11th

On this day, the world dropped the bomb on Fred Sanford, Prince, and stories about honest politicians while color television, comic books, and sketch comedy blasted off. Buckle up as we take a wild ride through the history of one day, October 11th.

On this day, the world dropped the bomb on Fred Sanford, Prince, and stories about honest politicians while color television, comic books, and sketch comedy blasted off. Buckle up as we take a wild ride through the history of one day, October 11th.

Historical Events

1939: President Franklin Delano Roosevelt receives a letter drafted by three Hungarian physicists and signed by Albert Einstein discussing the recent developments with uranium’s uses as an energy source and possible bomb. The letter warns FDR that Germany appears to be stockpiling the ore to create these atomic bombs and advises that the United States also procure this valuable resource. It’s considered the driving factor in the creation of the Manhattan Project which developed the first atomic bomb.

1950: The US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) issued the first license to broadcast in color and approved the CBS system as the US color broadcasting standard. However, the sales of color televisions were not what CBS anticipated and they stopped producing televisions altogether only three years later. Color TV did not really take off until the 1960s when more cost-effective models were introduced to the public.

1968: The United States launches the Apollo 7 space shuttle with astronauts Donn Eisele, Walter Cunningham, and Wally Schirra on board the first Apollo mission to carry a crew into space. This also marked the first time the country’s first live broadcast from space. An important step for the American space program, this mission helped pave the way for Neil Armstrong’s famous first step on the moon.

1975: Saturday Night Live premieres on NBC with comedian George Carlin as its first host. Although this first episode met with lackluster reviews, the sketch comedy show quickly became a huge success with more than four decades of weekly shows under its belt.

1981: The Rolling Stones had a yet unknown musical act open for them at the LA Coliseum for their Tattoo You tour, a flamboyant young man who called himself Prince. The rock and roll audience was less than receptive and threw bottles and booed loudly. The future superstar performed only five songs before storming off the stage to his first, and only, cheers of the night. Not a very auspicious welcome for future musical royalty.

Famous Birthdays

1759: Mason Locke Weems

Mason Locke Weems was a famous minister, writer, and liar. Weems penned a book entitled The Life and Memorable Actions of George Washington. Although he presented the work as a true biography, it was full of lies. This is where the fabric “I cannot tell a lie” story involving the cherry tree got its start. He died on May 23, 1825, at the age of 66.

1913: Joe Simon

Joe Simon spent his life creating superheroes. Along with his partner and friend Jack Kirby, Simon helped to create heroic comic book characters like Captain America, Black Talon, and Vision as well as villains such as the Red Skull, Sandman, and Jigsaw. Although he and Kirby fell out a few times, Joe Simon stayed a constant force in the comic book world, playing a vital role in getting Cap to the big screen. He died on December 14, 2011, at 98 years young.

Famous Deaths

1991: Redd Foxx

Fred Sanford finally went home to Elizabeth when Redd Foxx passed on this day in 1991. Born John Elroy Sanford on December 22, 1922, the comedian known as Redd Foxx made audiences laugh for decades before his death. He starred in the NBC sitcom Sanford and Son from 1972 to 1977.

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On October 9th

This day in history is one of tragedy and hope. In Pakistan, a girl was shot by a gunman for wanting an education, while in Afghanistan, democracy took a brave leap forward. The Hoover Dam became one of America’s biggest feats of engineering, and a new video-sharing service called YouTube blazed digital trails.

Here’s what happened on this action-packed day:

Famous Events

1888: Public Opening of the Washington Monument

Built as a tribute to George Washington for his role in the American Revolution, the Washington Monument is one of America’s most recognized landmarks. Construction on the 555-foot tall obelisk began in 1848, and it opened to the public on October 9, 1888. Today, more than 800,000 people visit the Washington Monument annually.

1936: Hoover Dam Begins Creating Power

The proverbial switch was flipped on one of the 20th century’s biggest infrastructure projects on October 9, 1936, as the Hoover Dam began generating hydroelectricity. Built during the Great Depression, the dam required a crew of 21,000 men and took almost five years to build. It was the largest concrete structure ever built at the time, and presented many challenges. During construction, 112 workers lost their lives. Hoover Dam creates 4 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity each year for Arizona, Nevada and California.

2004: Afghanistan Holds First Presidential Elections

Afghanistan took a giant leap towards democracy as Hamid Karzai became the country’s first elected head of state. More than 10 million Afghans registered to vote on October 9, 2004, but the Taliban threatened attacks if they did not boycott the election. Tens of thousands of police, army and coalition troops patrolled the country to prevent possible violence. About 70% of registered voters cast ballots and Karzai was elected with 55.4% of the votes.

2006: Google Purchases YouTube

The first video ever uploaded to YouTube was called Me at the Zoo. What began as a video-sharing service between friends in April 2005 became the world’s fastest growing website less than a year later. The innovative start-up was barely 18 months old when Google purchased it for $1.65 billion on October 9, 2006. YouTube is now the second most visited site after Google.

2012: Assassination Attempt on Malala Yousafzai

Fifteen-year-old Malala Yousafzai was shot in the head by a Taliban gunman in Pakistan on October 9, 2012. The teenager had been speaking out against an edict forbidding girls from receiving an education. She was shot while riding a bus home from school. After a lengthy recovery, Malala resumed her activism, fighting issues such as poverty, child marriage and gender discrimination. She now lives in the U.K. and is the world’s youngest Nobel Laureate.

Famous Birthdays

1757: Charles X of France

Charles-Philippe of France was born in the Palace of Versailles during the reign of his grandfather. He became King of France in 1824. Extremely unpopular, he was later forced to abdicate the throne and live in exile.

1940: John Lennon

The legendary singer/songwriter made history as part of the Beatles and then as a solo musician. Nearly 50 years after its release, his song, Imagine, continues to have a lasting impact.

1969: Steve McQueen

Born in London, the famous director of 12 Years a Slave was the first black filmmaker to win an Academy Award for Best Picture (2013). TIME Magazine named him one of the Most Influential People in the World in 2014.

Famous Deaths

1967: Che Guevara

The Argentine-Cuban revolutionary believed in using guerrilla warfare in developing countries to establish socialist governments. After playing a major role in the Cuban Revolution, he went on to lead a guerrilla group in Bolivia. He was later captured by the Bolivian army and executed.

On October 8th

October 8th has been notorious for groundbreaking discovery, death, democracy, and rebellion. Read on to uncover the gory details of Che Guevara’s capture and gruesome death, how the raucous, trouble-making Sex Pistols were signed and dropped by record label EMI, and how pacemakers changed the world – all on the same day!

Notable Events That Have Occurred on October 8th

1769: James Cook discovers New Zealand

James Cook hailed from Yorkshire, England and entered the Royal Navy as a seaman in 1955. By 1768 he reached the position of lieutenant and took charge of the 368-ton ship, HMS Endeavour. That year, Cook was sent on a secret mission to study the phenomena of Venus eclipsing the sun. He was also commanded to search for an expansive, elusive landmass (now Australia) that explorers had spoken of but the existence of which had never been proved.

In April 1769, a crew of 94 men anchored in Tahiti to observe the passage of Venus. A Tahitian chief called Tupaia was interested in exploring with the group. He and his son joined the crew and the tribesman helped Cook and his men to navigate the local waters and communicate with the indigenous people. On October 8th they landed on the shore of what is now known as Poverty Bay, New Zealand.

1958: World’s First Pacemaker is Invented

While temporary cardiac pacing had been experimented with and showed great results for patients in the United States, the world’s first definitive pacemaker was not implanted until the 8th of October 1958 by Rune Elmqvist and Åke Senning. The initial piece of equipment only lasted for three hours but was replaced the next morning. While another 22 further operations were required, the patient who received the treatment lived until 2001.

1967: Che Guevara is Captured in Bolivia

Che Guevara was an Argentinian physician and Marxist who was instrumental in the communist revolution that saw FIdel Castro elected to power in Cuba. His aim was to spread the revolution across all of Latin America and Africa. While on a mission to start an uprising in Bolivia on October 8th in 1967, Guevara was captured by American trained soldiers in a schoolhouse. He had successfully lived in secrecy for over two years and was one of the world’s most wanted men at the time.

A Cuban American spy posing as a Bolivian military officer found Guevara with his hands and feet bound and covered in dirt. The U.S. government called for him to be brought to them alive to face trial and interrogation. The Bolivian government, however, believed a trial would give him and his beliefs a platform and he was executed at the age of 39.

1971: John Lennon Releases His Classic Track, Imagine

John Lennon formed half of the most prolific and successful songwriting duos the world has ever seen. As a member of the Beatles, Lennon helped to shape pop music as we know it today and the band brought on the age of fan worship and superstardom. No other band or artist has reached the dizzying sales figures for albums nor topped their 20 number one singles.

Relations between Lennon and the rest of the band soured after the recording of Let it Be (1970) and he left to pursue political activism and a solo career. After four albums recorded with his wife and collaborator, Yoko Ono, he released Imagine in 1971. George Harrison and Klaus Voorman played on the album and it is widely regarded as his finest piece of work. It reached number one in North American and the United Kingdom that year.

1976: The Sex Pistols Sign for EMI

In September of 1976, The Sex Pistols played a now-infamous gig at the Nag’s Head in High Wycombe, England. The punk scene in the United Kingdom was on the brink of an explosion in popularity and EMI saw the band as the next big thing. This was somewhat surprising due to the punk ethos of the band, but on October 8th they were signed on a two-year contract for $50,000.

2004: Wangari Maathai is the First African Woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize

Wangari Maathai was born in Kenya in 1940 and sadly died in 2011. She was a pioneer for female empowerment in Africa and was the first woman from East and Central Africa to obtain a doctorate (biology). She was also the first female professor in Kenya and played a key role in the fight for democracy. In the late 1970s, she started a grass-roots movement to counteract the effects of deforestation and saw tree-planting as a method of mobilizing and empowering women.

Celebrity Birthdays on October 8th

1943: R. L. Stine

Robert Lawrence Stine is the bestselling author of the chilling Goosebumps and Fear Street series of novels for young people.

1948: Johnny Ramone

Born John Cummings, he bought his first guitar with the wages from his construction job in 1974. He and the other two members of The Ramones changed their surnames an embarked upon a mission to bring a fresh, punk sound to the airwaves.

1985: Bruno Mars

The kooky pop sensation has won multiple Grammy and MTV awards throughout his career and is a success across the whole world. He began performing age four as an Elvis Presley impersonator with his parent’s band. He is renowned for his funky songs and jokey persona, characterized by a hilarious social media presence.

Famous Deaths on October 8th

1869: Franklin Pierce

Franklin Pierce was the 14th president of the United States and was in power for one term. He died of liver cirrhosis.

1967: Clement Attlee

Clement Attlee was leader of the Labour Party in the United Kingdom from 1935-1955, he was the prime minister for six years and oversaw the foundation of the National Health Service.

On October 7th

What if these cats moved into your house – and stayed 18 years? And how about the one guy in history that made a way for you to keep your cool through anything? What does an insignificant poor boy from Russia have to do with the world we live in? These are questions that today’s history can answer, while bringing along some tragedy, American conflict, and a group of people with more than 100 years in the air. Check it out!

Famous Historical Events

Oldest Airline. In 1919 the KLM Royal Dutch Airlines was established. It is the oldest airline still in existence today, operating currently with over 35,000 employees and a fleet of more than 120 planes.

Cats In The House. In 1982 the Broadway musical “Cats” opened at Winter Garden Theater. Based on the book “Old Possum’s Book of Practical Cats” by T. S. Eliot, the show became an instant hit. Cats is the fourth longest-running Broadway show in history, sustaining more than 7,000 performances during its run of 18 years.

Tragedy In India. In 1737, sometime between the 7th and the 11th of October, a tropical cyclone struck the Ganges River Delta south of Calcutta, India, creating 40-foot waves that pummeled the entire area and destroyed everything in their path. Before dissipating, the storm traveled over 200 miles further inland and is believed to have killed a total of more than 300,000 people.

American Proclamation. In 1763 King George III issued the Proclamation of 1763, prohibiting American settlers from moving westward into the new lands. This was done partially to appease the Native American tribes, and also to attempt to protect the current colonies from additional conflicts with the natives.

War In Afghanistan. In 2001 the United States invaded Afghanistan in response to the terrorist attacks on September 11 of the same year. The effort, named “Operation Enduring Freedom”, was backed by several other nations including France, Germany, Canada and Australia and was designed to target notorious terrorist Osama bin Laden and his organization.

True Story. In 1971 the American action movie “The French Connection” was released, quickly becoming a film standard in most markets and winning many Academy Awards including Best Picture. Based on actual events from Robin Moore’s book “The French Connection: A True Account of Cops, Narcotics, and International Conspiracy.”, the movie is considered one of the must-see films of all time.

Famous Birthdays

1952: Vladimir Putin

On this date in 1952, Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin was born. He grew up in a poor family, but worked hard through his education to become an intelligence officer for the KGB. From that position, he advanced into politics and has served as either the President or the Prime Minister of Russia since the year 2000.

1959: Simon Cowell

Simon Phillip Cowell was born on this date in 1959 in Lambeth, London. Most noted for his role as an entertainment judge on the television show “America’s Got Talent”, he is also an A&R executive, television producer, and entertainment critic.

1951: John Cougar Mellencamp

In 1951 world-renown musician, singer, songwriter, poet and actor John Cougar Mellencampwas born in Seymour, Indiana. He started his first band at the age of 14, and from there went on to become an American icon of heartland rock and roll.

Famous Deathdays

1849: Edgar Allan Poe

Famous for such works as “The Raven”, “The Masque of the Red Death,” and “The Fall of the House of Usher”, Edgar Allan Poe is considered one of the most prominent American writers of the 19th century.

1950: Willis Carrier

Probably the coolest dude in history, Willis Carrier was the engineer responsible for inventing modern air conditioning systems. He designed and built the first air conditioner himself, and later created a company bearing his name to manufacture and market his temperature control products.