On November 26

Thanksgiving

November 26 is without a doubt, most well-known for hosting the first-ever Thanksgiving holiday in America, but that’s not all that’s happened on this day in history. Read on, and learn about some of the most important and intriguing events that have taken place on this day. 

November 26, 1789 – The First Official National Thanksgiving Takes Place In America

Undoubtedly, the most well-recognized and important historical event that happened on November 26 was the first incarnation of the National Thanksgiving holiday – which was the basis for the now nationally-celebrated holiday. 

As president, George Washington delivered an address on October 3, 1789, which declared the first national Thanksgiving to be celebrated on November 26, 1789. Before this, Thanksgiving was often celebrated by different ethnic groups in different parts of the country on different days.

While Thanksgiving may first have been celebrated nationally in 1789, it was a widespread holiday before then, with a long history. Fall feasts to celebrate the harvest were commonplace in America as early as the 1620s, when feasts were held at Plymouth Plantation.

The holiday that we now recognize as Thanksgiving first took place at Plymouth Plantation in 1621. The Pilgrims had come to the land and found it nearly abandoned, as the local Patuxet Indians had all died in a plague.

After a long and bitter winter of 1920-21, the last surviving Patuxet Indian, known as Squanto, who had learned English in Europe, visited the Pilgrims at the request of Samoset, the first Native American to encounter the Pilgrim settlers in Plymouth.

Squanto then began teaching the Pilgrims how to survive. He showed them how to catch eel, a plentiful local food, and how to grow corn properly. Though he succumbed to the plague a year later, Squanto was instrumental in helping the English Pilgrims adapt to the new land.

That year, during the harvest of 1621, the Pilgrims celebrated their harvest for three days – while the exact date is unknown, historians believe that this took place between September 21 and November 11, 1621, with the most likely day being Sept. 29, also known as The Feast of St. Michael or Michaelmas. 

Following this feast, yearly feasts became a popular tradition among the Pilgrims, with feasts being held in 1623 and onward. Throughout the forthcoming centuries, Thanksgiving was regularly celebrated each year – but the time and date often varied until 1789, when George Washington made November 26 the first official National Thanksgiving holiday.

Interestingly, though, Thanksgiving continued to be celebrated on different days each year – until 1863, when Lincoln again established November 26th, the final Thursday of the month, to be Thanksgiving each year.

This tradition continued until 1939, when President Franklin D. Roosevelt broke with tradition, and declared Thanksgiving to be the fourth Thursday of the month – as the month of November in 1939 had five Thursdays, rather than four. In 1942, this change was made official with a joint resolution by Congress, which established Thanksgiving as being observed on the fourth Thursday of November.

Observations And Celebrations

Thanksgiving is one of the largest holidays in America, perhaps superseded only by Christmas. The Thanksgiving holiday is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November, so the date changes each year. 

During this time, almost every city, town and community in America observes Thanksgiving Day. It is a public holiday in the US, and events such as parades, community festivals, and group dinners are quite common. The most famous such event is the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade, which takes place in New York City, and is televised across the United States and the rest of the world.

Families typically celebrate with turkey dinner, which means that Thanksgiving is one of the days of the year where worldwide turkey consumption is the largest. 88% of people eat turkey on Thanksgiving, with an estimated total of 44 million turkeys being consumed each year. In addition to turkey, traditional foods include corn stuffing, cranberry sauce, mashed potatoes, sweet potato casserole, and green bean casserole.

Thanksgiving is often also a time when nonprofits, like the Salvation Army, run funding drives for those who are in need, in keeping with the spirit of the holiday. Other more recent traditions for Thanksgiving include the running of 5k and 10k races, as well as watching NFL games on television – which has been a yearly tradition since 1978. 

Another unique tradition is the yearly “Pardoning of the Turkey.” In this tongue-in-cheek celebration, the President “pardons” a turkey, allowing it to live, a nod to the common consumption of turkey around the holiday. This tradition was first begun by President George H.W. Bush. 

Other Famous Events On This Day In History 

1865: Lewis Carrol’s “Alice In Wonderland” Published In America

Alice In Wonderland

Alice In Wonderland is regarded as one of the most influential fantasy novels in the world. The novel, which features the character Alice falling through a rabbit hole into a fantasy world inhabited by anthropomorphic creatures, was first published in America on November 26, 1865. 

It was written by Lewis Carrol, which was the pseudonym of English author Charles Lutwidge Dodgson. The book, which combined literary elements with whimsical fantasy, quickly became a hit among both children and adults. Carroll would continue writing with titles like “Through The Looking Glass,” and the well-known poem “The Jabberwocky.”  

1922: Egyptologist Howard Carter Opens The Tomb Of King Tutankhamun 

Tomb Of King Tutankhamun

In one of the most groundbreaking finds in the history of Egyptology, archeologist Howard Carter first opened the tomb of King Tutankhamun on November 26, 1922. Carter first discovered the tomb – then known as KV62 – in the Valley of the Kings, where numerous pharaohs and other Egyptian Nobles were buried.

The search for the tomb was sponsored by George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon. While the tomb was found in November of 1922, the burial chamber itself was not opened up until 16 February, 1923. Inside, nearly 5,400 items were found, as well as the mummy of “King Tut” himself. The tomb was completely unspoiled by grave robbers – a common issue in previously-discovered tombs, and is considered to be one of the most important finds in Egypt. It’s also credited with renewing public interest in the West about Egyptian history and mythology.

1917: The NHL Is Founded, The NHA Suspends Operations 

NHL

In 1917, the National Hockey League was founded in Montreal, Canada with the Toronto Arenas, Ottowa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, Montreal Canadiens, and Montreal Maroons. It immediately took the place of the National Hockey Association (NHA) which was founded in 1909 in Renfrew, Ontario. The NHA suspended its operations, and would cease to exist in 1918.’

Today, the NHL comprises 31 teams in both Canada and the United States, and the NHL’s Stanley Cup, which has been awarded to the winner of the league every season since 1917, is the oldest professional sports trophy in North America. 

1942: Casablanca Premieres At The Hollywood Theater, NYC

Casablanca, starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman, was based on an unproduced stage play by Murray Burnett and Joan Alison. It first premiered at The Hollywood Theater, NYC, on November 26, 1942. After its premiere, it received a wide release in January, 1943. Although it had a solid film run, it was not a spectacular commercial success during its initial release.

However, the film was critically adored, won the Academy Award for Best Picture, as well as the award for Best Director and Best Screenplay. In the following decades, Casablanca has become recognized as one of the greatest films of all time, was one of the first 25 films inducted by the United States National Film Registry in 1989.

1983: Brink’s-Mat Robbery, “The World’s Greatest Robbery” Occurs At Heathrow Airport

Heathrow Airport

On November 1983 at the Brink’s-Mat Warehouse in Heathrow Airport, the Brink’s-Mat robbery – widely regarded as one of the largest and most successful heists in history – occurred. Six robbers broke into the warehouse in the early hours of the morning, threatening staff members by pouring gas over them and waving lit matches.

The staff revealed the combination to the vaults. The robbers, who expected to find about £3.2 million in cash in the vault, were surprised to find more than 3,000 kilograms of gold, as well as a large stock of diamonds. In the end, they escaped with £26 million in gold, diamonds, cash and other materials. 

In 2019 US Dollars, that’s equivalent to about $108 million – making this the most successful and highest-value robbery of all time. Two men, Brian Robinson and Kenneth Noye, were convicted of crimes related to the robbery – but the bulk of the gold has never been found.

Famous Birthdays On November 26

1861: Albert B. Fall

Albert B. Fall, who served as the Secretary of the Interior under President Warren G. Harding, was born in Frankfort, Kentucky on November 26, 1861. As a young man, he moved to the West due to his respiratory health issues, and then became a lawyer and was elected to the New Mexico House of Representatives, then became a Senator for New Mexico. 

In 1921, he was appointed the Secretary of the Interior. He is most infamous for his involvement in the “Teapot Dome” scandal, where he accepted bribes from his two friends, oilmen Harry F. Sinclair, and Edward L. Doheny to drill the Naval Reserves of Elk Hill, California without bidding. He was found guilty of conspiracy and bribery, and sentenced to a year in prison for his misconduct.

1876: Willis Carrier

Willis Carrier

On this day in history in 1876, Willis Carrier – the father of modern air conditioning – was born. He was born in Angola, New York, and in 1902, as a response to an air quality problem at the Sackett-Wilhelms Lithographing & Publishing Company, he developed the world’s first air conditioning system, which included humidity controls.

He later worked at the Buffalo Forge Company for 12 years. Then, in 1915, he pooled his life savings with six of his engineer friends to form the Carrier Engineering Corporation, which focused on the development and manufacturing of air conditioning units. Today, Carrier is still one of the largest such companies in the world, employing 45,000 employees, with a value of more than $12.5 billion.

1898: Karl Ziegler

The Nobel Prize-winning chemist, Karl Ziegler, was born on this day in 1898 in Helsa, near Kassel in the German Empire. He is well known for his chemical experiments on free radicals, polymers, and organometallic compounds, and was a critical contributor to the development of synthetic materials, most notably polyethylene, which is still one of the most commonly used plastics today. He is also known as one of the founders of the German Chemical Society. 

1922: Charles M. Schulz

Charles M. Schulz

Charles M. Schulz, also known as “Sparky,” was the writer of Peanuts, and was born on this day in 1922, in Minneapolis, Minnesota. After serving in the military during World War II, he began publishing a cartoon called “Li’l Folks” from 1947 to 1950. Then, he began publishing Peanuts – starring characters like Charlie Brown, Linus and Snoopy – in 1950. Over the next decades, Peanuts would quickly become the most popular and influential newspaper comic strip of all time. It’s estimated that the Peanuts franchise generates more than $1 billion per year.

1939: Tina Turner

Tina Turner

Tina Turner was born on November 26, 1939 in Nutbush, Tennessee. She rose to prominence as a singer with Ike Turner’s Kings of Rhythm, before becoming a well-known solo artist in her own right. Her nickname, “The Queen of Rock ‘n’ Roll,” is apt, as she has sold more than 200 million records worldwide, and is consistently listed as one of the greatest singers and vocal performers of all time. Beyond her singing, she has also appeared in films like “Mad Max: Beyond Thunderdome” “Tommy,” and “Last Action Hero.” 

From the births of famous actors, to the founding of Thanksgiving as we know it, and one of the biggest robberies in history, November 26 has a lot of history – so think about some of the interesting things you’ve learned, and come back again to This Day That Age to learn more about other historical days!

On October 4

World’s First Satellite

This Day That Age looks at some of the most important events in history, and discusses what happened on this day in history. If you would like to discover more about the important historical events, birthdays, and other things that have occurred on this day, October 4, you’re in the right place. Let’s take a look at this day in history now!

October 4, 1957 – The USSR Launches Sputnik I, The World’s First Satellite

The most significant event that has taken place on this day in history was the October 4, 1957 launch of Sputnik I by the USSR. Construction of Sputnik I began when Soviet rocket scientist Sergei Korolev first proposed a rocket-launched artificial satellite to the Minister of the Defence Industry. Work began on the satellite in earnest in 1956. Around this time, the United States also announced its plans to launch an artificial satellite – which many historians see as the beginning of the modern “space race.” 

Sputnik I was not designed to transmit any data, but only to be observed. For its launch, the R-7 Semyorka ICBM was modified to send the rocket into space. Once the R-7 completed its test flights, the satellite was launched on October 4, 1957, and it became the world’s first-ever artificial satellite, and Sputnik became well-known in the USSR and the rest of the world – inspiring the space programs that would follow in decades to come.

Observations And Celebrations

In 2007, Russia celebrated the 50th anniversary of the launch of Sputnik. In addition, World Space Week was first founded in 2010, starting on October 4, the date that Sputnik was launched into space. This event is held yearly from October 4-10, with many different celebrations across numerous countries. 

Other Famous Events On This Day In History

1537: The Matthew Bible, The First Complete English-Language Bible, Is Printed

Matthew Bible

In one of the most significant events of English Christianity, the translations of William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale were combined with the printing of the Matthew Bible by publisher John Rogers. This was the first-ever complete English-language Bible. Previously, the Bible was primarily read in Latin. This advance made it easier for laypeople who did not know Latin to read the Bible.

1895: The First Golf U.S. Open Is Played At The Newport Country Club

Golf Club

The now-annual U.S. Open was first played in Newport, Rhode Island at the Newport Country Club on October 4, 1895. The purse for the day was $150 cash – about $4,400 in 2019 dollars – and was won by Horace Rawlins, an Englishman who was 21 years old. In total, 11 competitors vied for this prize across the 36-hole tournament. 

2006: Internet Activist Julian Assange Launches WikiLeaks 

WikiLeaks

WikiLeaks, which is famous for leaking documents related to government corruption in Kenya, Guantanamo Bay, the Afghan War Diary, and other classified information, was first launched by activist Julian Assange on October 4, 2006. 

Famous Birthdays On October 4

1822: Rutherford B. Hayes 

Rutherford B. Hayes

On October 4, 1822, Rutherford B. Hayes, who would go on to serve as the 19th President of the United States, was born in Delaware, Ohio. In 1876, he would win his presidency in one of the most contentious elections in history – while his opponent, Samuel J. Tilden won the popular vote, he was awarded twenty contested electoral votes, and won narrowly.

1923: Charlton Heston

Charlton Heston

Charlton Heston, who was well-known for his roles in films such as The Ten Commandments, Ben-Hur, Planet of the Apes, and The Greatest Show on Earth, was born in Wilmette, Illinois on October 4, 1923.

1946: Susan Sarandon

Susan Sarandon

Susan Sarandon, an actress known for her roles in films like The Rocky Horror Picture Show, Thelma & Louise, and Atlantic City, as well as her political activism, was born on October 4, 1946 in New York City, New York.

October 4 is certainly one of the most significant days in history, with the beginning of the Space Race, and plenty of other incredible events we couldn’t fit into a single article. Think about what you’ve learned about this day in history – and come back for more from This Day That Age.

On September 14

Igor Sikorsky

September 14th – the day of new inventions, achievements, and celebrations, let’s turn back time and take a peek into some of the most remembered happenings that took place on this day.

September 14, 1939 – The World’s First Practical Helicopter Takes (Tethered) Flight

While helicopters had been in development – or at least theorized – since Leonardo da Vinci first drew a prototype helicopter (aerial screw) in the late fifteenth century, they proved to be extremely hard to build, and it was even harder to make them safe.

Igor Sikorsky is credited with building the world’s first “practical” helicopter – though some built helicopters before him, none of them were truly reliable or safe. The first tethered flight of his VS-300 took place in Stratford, Connecticut on September 14, 1939. 

While it lasted only a few seconds, the same aircraft would later be flown by Sikorsky on May 13, 1940. The VS-300 implemented the features and building techniques that would become standard for helicopters built around the world in the decades to come.

Observations And Celebrations

While there are no major observations or celebrations related to the first flight of the helicopter, Igor Sikorsky is widely celebrated both in his birthplace of Russia, and in Stratford, Connecticut, where he made his home after emigrating to the US from Russia in 1919. 

Other Famous Events On This Day In History

1741: George Frideric Handel Completes “Messiah”

On September 14, 1741, the composer Handel finished his “Messiah” oratorio, which is one of the most well-known pieces of music in the entire world. Reportedly, he had been working on his oratorio for 23 days non-stop, completing the entire work in this time. After it was completed in September, 1741, it was first performed in Dublin in the spring and summer of 1742.

1959: The First-Ever Man-Made Object Lands On The Moon

Landing on Moon

On September 14, 1959, the Soviet lunar probe Luna 2 landed on the surface of the Moon. This was the first man-made spacecraft not only to land on the moon, but to land on any object beyond the Earth’s surface. It was launched on September 12, and it impacted the Moon’s surface on September 14.

1901: Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt Is Sworn Into Office As Youngest US President 

Theodore Roosevelt

On September 14, 1959, Theodore Roosevelt was sworn in as the US President, shortly after President William McKinley died, thanks to the wounds he received when the anarchist Leon Czolgosz shot him at The Temple of Music in Buffalo, New York. At the time of his swearing-in, Roosevelt was 42 years old, making him the youngest man to be sworn in as the US president.

Famous Birthdays On September 14 

1879: Margaret Sanger

Margaret Sanger

Margeret Sanger, a feminist, sex educator and nurse, who first popularized the notion of “birth control,” was born on September 14, 1879 in Corning, New York. Though her legacy is controversial due to her support of eugenics, Sanger is still noted as a highly-influential figure in medicine.

1965: Dmitry Medvedev

Dmitry Medvedev

Dmitry Medvedev, who has served as both the President and Prime Minister of Russia, was born on September 14, 1965 in Leningrad, USSR – now St. Petersburg, Russia. He is widely known for his law enforcement reform efforts in Russia, and for launching a widespread political anti-corruption campaign during his time in office. 

1983: Amy Winehouse

Amy Winehouse

On this day in history, September 14, 1983, Amy Winehouse was born in Southgate, London. Winehouse was well-known for her unique vocal style, which won her 5 Grammy awards. She was also known for her well-publicized issues with substance abuse, which led to her death of alcohol poisoning on July 23, 2011 at the young age of 27.

September 14 was certainly a day to remember, with events that provoke wonder – and while more things have happened on this day than we can pack into a single article, we hope this piece has shed some light on some of the most important events that happened on this day in history!

On September 10

The Large Hadron Collider

It’s time, once again, to turn back the pages in the history books, with This Day, That Age. Let’s take a look at September 10, and discuss some of the most important and meaningful historical events that occurred on this day.

September 10, 2008: The Large Hadron Collider Powers Up For The First Time

One of the most important events on this day in history was the first startup of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), by CERN in Switzerland on September 10, 2009. The LHC is the world’s largest particle accelerator – and its largest machine – and is built in a tunnel 175 meters beneath the France-Switzerland border, in a tunnel with a circumference of 17 miles.

The purpose of the Large Hadron Collider is to observe the interactions between elementary objects, and help answer questions about physics subjects like general relativity and quantum physics. 

While the LHC first went live on September 10, it did not experience regular use until November 20, 2009, due to an accident that damaged many of its superconducting magnets.

Observations And Celebrations

10 years after it was first turned on by CERN, the Large Hadron Collider celebrated its 10th birthday in 2018. In the intervening years, it has been involved in the discovery of the Higgs-Boson, and science enthusiasts regularly celebrate the anniversary of the first time it was powered up.

Other Famous Events On This Day In History 

1945: “Miracle Mike” The Headless Chicken Is Decapitated, Survives 18 Months

The Miracle Mike

A strange footnote of history, Miracle Mike the Headless Chicken was decapitated on September 10, 1945. Its head was removed, but his jugular vein and brain stem remained intact. Miracle Mike, though headless, was able to live for nearly 18 months, and was fed milk via an eyedropper – and used very profitably as a sideshow attraction until its death on March 17, 1947, due to choking on a kernel of corn.

1977: The Last Execution By Guillotine In France Is Performed

The Last Execution by Guillotine

Long into the 20th century, the guillotine was still the favored method of execution by the French Government. This method of execution was used for the last time on September 10, 1977, on Hamida Djandoubi, a Tunisian murderer who kidnapped and tortured his former girlfriend, 22-year old Élisabeth Bousquet.

1993: “The X-Files” Debuts On FOX

“The X-Files,” starring David Duchovny and Gillian Anderson, is recognized as one of the most popular, famous, and influential science fiction drama shows of all time, and was one of the most highly-rated shows during its initial television run from 1993-2002. 

Famous Birthdays On September 10 

1890: Elsa Schiaparelli 

Elsa Schiaparelli was perhaps best known as the fashion rival of Coco Chanel, and was one of the most influential figures in world fashion between World War I and World War II. Her collaborators, the surrealists Jean Cocteau and Salvador Dali, heavily influenced her unique, fashion-forward designs. 

1929: Arnold Palmer

Arnold Palmer

Arnold Palmer was one of the most well-regarded golfers in history, and one of the first superstars of golf’s television age. He, along with Jack Nicklaus and Gary Player, is credited with helping to commercialize and popularize the sport throughout the world in the 1960s and beyond. He’s also known for the drink that is his namesake – a 50/50 mix of iced tea and lemonade. 

1960: Colin Firth

Colin Firth

Colin Firth is an English actor who has won an Academy Award, a Golden Globe, two BAFTAs, and numerous other awards for his films such as “The King’s Speech,” “The English Patient,”  and “A Single Man.” 

It’s always a good thing to take some time to reflect on the past. From world-changing and monumental events, to smaller-scale events that entertain, amuse, and spark wonder, there’s always something to learn when we look at this day in history.

On September 1

World War II

Have you ever wanted to look back through the pages of history, and learn more about what happened on a particular day in the past? In this article from This Day That Age, we’ll take a look at September 1, and discuss a few of the most famous events that happened on this day in history, as well as some famous birthdays – and give you a peek into the past.

September 1, 1939: World War II Starts When Germany Invades Poland

September 1, 1939, marks the beginning of the German invasion of Poland, which began with an aerial assault on a number of Polish ships near the Free City of Danzig, during the Battle of Danzig Bay

This invasion came only a week after the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was signed between Germany and the Soviet Union, which was a treaty of non-aggression between Germany and the Soviet Union – one that would be broken later on 22 June 1941, when the German Wehrmacht invaded the Soviet Union.

This event is noted as the first battle that truly kicked off World War II – after the invasion of Poland and its split between Germany and the Soviet Union, Germany began invading the rest of Europe, resulting in the deadliest conflict in human history, with a total of more than 70 million dead.

So, while the initial invasion of Poland may have seemed somewhat minor, it’s become a footnote to one of the most meaningful, important historical events in the world.

Observations And Celebrations 

Veterans Day in Poland is celebrated on September 1st every year, which is the same day that Nazi Germany invaded Poland. It is a holiday declared by statute, so it is not a public holiday, and it was first established in 1997.

This day is observed by the President of Poland, who attends a Roll Call of the Fallen, and addresses a gathering in Warsaw, at Poland’s Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. Often, this is accompanied with a military parade. Citizens also remember those who died defending their homeland, and honor those who sacrificed their lives in Poland during the German Invasion.

Other Famous Events On This Day In History 

1945: V-J Day

Victory over Japan Day

On September 1st, 1945, V-J (Victory over Japan) Day is celebrated. Technically, this event occurred at 9 AM on September 2nd, 1945 – when Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu and General Yoshijiro Umezu signed their surrender treaty with Commander Douglas MacArthur of the U.S. Armed Forces onboard the USS Missouri – but on U.S. Time, this means that V-J Day actually occurred the night before, on September 1st!

Interestingly, too, there are two different widely-accepted dates for V-J Day – some say that it should be recognized on August 15th, when Emperor Hirohito broadcast his unconditional surrender over Japanese radio, little over a week from when the United States bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki with nuclear bombs Little Boy and Fat Man, on August 9, 1945.

1914: Passenger Pigeons Become Extinct

Passenger Pigeons

Unfortunately for nature lovers, September 1st, 1914 is the date that the last known Passenger Pigeon, named Martha, died at the Cincinnati Zoo in Cincinnati, Ohio. This marked the death of the last of the Passenger Pigeons that had been held in captivity, effectively making the species extinct.

This day is even more interesting because the Passenger Pigeon used to be the most common bird in America – and perhaps the most abundant bird in the world, with a population of up to 5 billion when America was discovered by Europeans. However, widespread hunting and deforestation devastated the bird. It declined throughout the late 19th century, and the last wild 1bird is thought to have been shot in 1901. By 1914, only one remained – and Martha passed on September 1st, marking the extinction of the species. 

1954: “Rear Window” By Hitchcock Is Released

Rear Window By Hitchcock

“Rear Window” directed by Alfred Hitchcock and starring both James Stewart and Grace Kelly, is recognized as one of the most highly-influential thriller films of all time, and is considered by many film scholars to be one of the best films ever made. It received four Academy Award nominations, and in 1997, it was added to the United States National Film Registry in the Library of Congress. 

Famous Birthdays On September 1

1923: Rocky Marciano 

Rocky Marciano

Rocky Marciano was a world-class, professional boxer who competed from 1947-1955, and held the World Heavyweight Title from 1952-1956. He was the only world Heavyweight champion to retire undefeated, and is widely regarded to be one of the greatest boxers of all time – and his legacy lives on today, since he is the primary inspiration behind the Rocky Balboa film franchise. 

1957: Gloria Estefan 

Gloria Estefan

Gloria Estefan is a Cuban-American singer and songwriter, who got her start in the group “Miami Latin Boys.” She released her album “Into The Light” in 1991, after a severe tour bus accident in 1990, and then won three Grammy awards when her follow-up, Mi Tierra, was released in 1993. She has sold a total of more than 115 million records worldwide, and 31.5 million in the United States, and has been inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame and the Hollywood Walk of Fame. She won the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2015, for her contributions to American music.

1795: James Gordon Bennett

James Gordon Bennett

Born to a Roman Catholic Family in Scotland, James Gordon Bennet is most well-known for his contributions to the modern newspaper industry. He sailed to North America in 1819, and began working in newspapers in New York City in 1823. In 1835, he founded the New York Herald – which was widely-known for its no-holds barred attitude for reporting, and using cutting-edge technology like woodcut illustrations. Bennett conducted the first ever newspaper interview of a sitting President with Martin Van Buren in 1839.

Some days are more memorable than others – and September 1 certainly has had quite a few events that make it a major day in history. From the beginning of World War II to V-J day and more, there are many things to reflect on when you think about this day in history.

On August 28

Martin Luther King Jr.

Certain moments send shockwaves through the following decades in a more influential way than one can fathom. The problem is, you can only recognize these moments once they have already passed. August 18th has seen its fair share of major events, and although we can’t walk you through each and every one of them, we can break down the most important among them. 

Famous Events on This Day in History

On August 28, 1963, Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his now-famous “I Have a Dream” speech near the Lincoln Memorial as part of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. 250,000 people were gathered to hear King speak on this day, but they could scarcely have conceived how his address would change the civil rights landscape. 

At the urging of a nearby woman, King set aside the remarks he had prepared for the day, and improvised one of the most stirring speeches in American history. This speech was ripe with allusion that resonated with listeners, but it was entirely devoid of any calls for violence or upheaval. This is, perhaps, the most poignant fact about King’s speech on this day in history and the man himself: he dreamed of change and equality, but never at the expense of others. 

Today, the effects of the speech made on this day in that age of civil unrest can be seen all over the political and cultural landscapes, referenced in music, poetry, and public addresses alike. Each year on August 28th, many Americans are compelled to reflect on King’s “I Have a Dream” speech, and ruminate on the ways it has impacted the modern world. 

Stirring as it may have been, the “I Have a Dream” speech isn’t the only significant event to have taken place on August 28th;

Other Notable Events on This Day:

  • The first photo of a tornado was taken on this day in 1884; the storm went on to kill 4 to 6 people and cause significant damage. The photo was taken by F.N. Robinson in South Dakota, and was later sold as a postcard. 
  • In 1996, Prince Charles and his much-loved wife Diana were officially divorced on August 28th. Diana had been known as the people’s princess, and she maintained a high level of popularity up until her tragic death almost exactly a year later on August 31, 1997. Charles later married Camilla Parker Bowles, his longtime mistress. 

Famous Birthdays on August 28th 

1774: Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton 

The first native born American canonized by the Catholic church, Elizabeth Ann Seton was born August 28th, and achieved sainthood in 1975. Having only turned to the Catholic church 16 years before her death, Elizabeth died at the age of 46. Saint Elizabeth is the patron saint of in-law problems. 

1965: Shania Twain 

Shania Twain

Canadian-born singing star Shania Twain entered this world on August 28th, 1965. Though she is one of the most successful country music stars of all time, Twain’s life has been wrought with tribulation and turmoil. After a 15-year hiatus, Twain has burst back into public consciousness, as popular as ever. 

The passing of time happens both so quickly and so slowly that we often don’t think to take a look around at what’s happening until it has already passed. With so many years of August 28th behind, and so many certainly ahead, it’s important to reflect on these and other important moments in history on this date. Whether the events are political, cultural, or simply entertaining, August 28th holds a lot of history in its bounds.

On August 25

Galileo Galilei

It may sometimes feel like weeks on end pass without anything significant happening in the world, but that’s just present blindness, and hindsight is 20/20. If you dig deep enough into any date, you’ll find all sorts of significant events that have happened on that day in history. Though we can’t list every single event that has ever taken place on August 25th, we can discuss the most major ones, and the ways they have affected the world. 

Famous Events on This Day in History 

On August 25, 1609 astronomer Galileo Galilei first demonstrated his telescope to Venetian lawmakers. Though Galileo did not invent the telescope, he did perfect it by creating glass that magnified objects by 8 or 9 times.

Galileo eventually endorsed Copernicus’ theory that the planets in our solar system revolve around the sun. Galileo made this assertion after observing Jupiter’s moons through his telescope; these moons are now named after him. Copernicus and Galileo were part of a minority in their beliefs about the center of the solar system, as the masses held on to the idea that every other celestial body actually rotated around Earth.

In the years that followed, Galileo’s research, and the publishing of that research, landed him a heresy conviction in 1633 by the Roman Inquisition. Following that conviction, Galileo remained under house arrest for the duration of his life, which lasted about nine more years. Whether Galileo regretted his demonstration of the telescope on this day all those years ago given the way it impacted his life is unclear, but we unwittingly celebrate his scientific pursuit to understand our place in the universe every time we look up at the night sky, and recognize where we fit in. 

Though Galileo’s first demonstration of the telescope was certainly an important event on August 25th, it wasn’t the only one. In fact, it wasn’t even the only important event related to space that has occurred on this day.

Other Major Happenings Include:

  • In 1835, the first of six articles claiming the discovery of life on the moon appeared in The New York Sun on August 25th. This series eventually came to be known as “The Great Moon Hoax,” and it’s likely they were intended as satire. 
  • NASA’s Voyager 1 entered Interstellar Space on August 25, 2012. The spacecraft was launched on September 5, 1977, and transmitted an overview picture of the solar system in February of 1990. Now, Voyager 1 is the most distant object in space made by man. 

Famous Birthdays on August 25th 

1530: Ivan The Terrible

Ivan The Terrible

Named for enacting a reign of terror against the nobility of his own people, the first Tsar of Russia was born on this day in history, and eventually came to be known as Ivan The Terrible. This sort of autocracy was upheld in Russia for nearly 400 years, until the revolution in 1917. Despite his mistreatment of some Russians, Ivan was very successful in pushing Russian borders forward in Europe. 

1958: Tim Burton

Tim Burton

Tim Burton was born August 25, 1958 and has gained immense fame as an American filmmaker, writer, and artist. Known for his distinctly dark, sardonic style, Burton has amassed a cult following for his most famous works like Beetlejuice, Edward Scissorhands, and The Nightmare Before Christmas. 

From the beginning of time to now, plenty more has transpired on August 25th than we can possibly fit in a single article. It is a date marked by progress and innovation; whatever August 25th holds from here on out, it will always have a special place in history.

On August 17

Joe Pulitzer

Time waits for no man, it merely marches on without reverence for plans, hopes, or dreams. When the sun rises in the morning, it’s impossible to know exactly what, a day will hold. Indeed, the only real certainty is that the sun will set again that evening. Though there have been far too many sunrises on August 17th to speak to every single event, here are some of the most influential moments that have occurred on this day throughout time. 

Famous Events on This Day in History 

On August 17, 1903, Joseph Pulitzer donated $1 million (an amount that today translates to more than $29 million with inflation) to Columbia University for the expressed purpose of establishing a School of Journalism, and thereby creating the Pulitzer Prizes

Today, the Pulitzer Prizes are a well-known hallmark of both journalism and literature, rewarding truly exceptional writing with repute and a monetary prize. At its conception, the Pulitzer Prize was meant to encourage good journalism by incentivizing strong reporting in an era prone to sensationalism (though this sort of “yellow journalism” isn’t something Pulitzer shied away from in times of poor circulation). 

Beyond establishing these prizes, Pulitzer felt it was important that journalists receive a college education—something that had not previously been commonplace for the profession. With Joseph Pulitzer’s generous endowment, Columbia University was able to establish their School of Journalism in 1912. Five years later, in 1917, the first Pulitzer Prizes were awarded. 

Joseph Pulitzer was a truly self-made man. Hailing from Hungary, this eventual magnate had a humble beginning. He started out as a newspaper reporter in St. Louis, eventually merging two of the major publications in that city to form the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. In his later years, Pulitzer turned his attention to New York and became a professional rival of William Randolph Hearst. Whether it was Pulitzer’s disillusion with the path of the industry, or his belief that journalism is a truly noble and necessary profession that led him to leave a chunk of his fortune to Columbia University, the impact of that decision cannot be denied today. 

Each Spring, the reverberations of Pulitzers choice on this day, that year can be felt as the Pulitzer Prize winners are announced. This is a celebration of the written word at its highest caliber, and it wouldn’t be possible without Pulitzer’s donation all those years ago on this day. 

Some of the other impactful moments that occurred this day in history:

  • On this day in 1978, the first transatlantic balloon flight was completed by Ben Abruzzo, Maxie Anderson, and Larry Newman. The trio departed from Presque Isle, Maine in a balloon called the Eagle II. They flew for 6 days before finally landing in a barley field about 50 miles West of Paris on the evening of August 17th. The team was blown slightly off course toward the end of their journey; they had intended to land in Le Bourget field in Paris, as Charles Lindbergh had upon completing the first solo transatlantic flight in 1927. 
  • Following a drawn out turn of events, this day in 1998 President Bill Clinton admitted to engaging in an “improper physical relationship” with intern Monica Lewinsky. Also on August 17th of that year, Clinton admitted to having misled the American people about the nature of his relationship with Lewinsky. Articles of impeachment were filed against Clinton following this revelation, though he was later acquitted and never removed from office. 
  • In 2008, Michael Phelps earned his eighth Gold Medal in the 2008 Olympics when he came first in the 4×100 meter medley relay race. This medal asserted the American champion swimmer as truly legendary on August 17th, as it broke the record for the most gold medals won by an athlete in a single Olympic Games; the record was previously held by another famed American swimmer, Mark Spitz. Phelps’ full list of Olympic Medals is truly expansive. 

Famous Birthdays on August 17th 

1786: Davy Crockett

Davy Crockett

Well known as a rough and tumble frontiersman, Davy Crockett was born on August 17th, 1786. The event for which he is perhaps most famous, the battle of the Alamo, is also the one that led to his demise in 1836 at the age of 39. Crockett climbed military ranks and forayed into politics before he engaged in that fateful battle. Crockett, along with a handful of others, was captured and executed when the Alamo fell. Richard Penn Smith published an account of Crockett’s life and death in the summer of 1836, and although it was riddled with creative licenses on Penn’s part, it did contain an accurate account of his death. 

1893: Mae West

A decade’s long American institution, Mae West was born August 17th, 1893 in Brooklyn, New York. She performed for the first time around age 8, and had taken on the Vaudeville circuit by 14. This early exposure to show biz may have influenced West’s easy attitude toward sexuality—something that was strictly taboo at the time. These conservative attitudes were the subject of ridicule in West’s own writing; she began to create, produce, and star in her own Broadway shows in the mid-20s. Mae West became an icon in the following decades as she moved her attention to Hollywood, and starred in a number of hit films. 

1943: Robert De Niro

Robert D Niro

Heralded as one of the greatest actors in history, Robert De Niro was born on this day in 1943. De Niro gained stardom around age 30 when he appeared in Bang The Drum Slowly. Since then, his iconic film performances have been too many to name, and have earned him four Golden Globe nominations for Best Actor. With roles ranging from deranged to comedic, there is no doubt that Robert De Niro can take on any character with ease. 

There is no way to know exactly what the future holds, but staying aware of the past’s historical moments, like these and others that have occurred on August 17th, is well within grasp.

On August 15

Indian Independence Day

With so many days having slipped through our collective fingers, it’s easy to let some fall by the wayside and out of memory. Particular days are more important in some cultures than others, and we’re often too wrapped up in our own worlds to expand our historical knowledge. Though we cannot walk you through every moment of every iteration of this day in history, we can break down some of the most influential versions of August 15th, and shed light on the ways this day’s events have shaped our modern world.

Famous Events on This Day in History

On August 15, 1947 India gained its independence from Britain. This, in turn, means that Pakistan gained independence on the same day, as the two countries had heretofore been one unit under British rule. British colonialism in this part of the world had been a long standing tradition that took decades to shake off, but Indians fought for their independence without ever taking up arms or demanding a violent revolution. 

The Indian independence movement began all the way back in the 1920s, when Mahatma Gandhi inspired Indians to call for greater civil rights through non-violent means. Though Gandhi was certainly the de facto leader of the independence movement, plenty of other activists moved to the forefront as well, encouraging better conditions for lower castes. In the sense that they influenced through peaceful inspiration rather than encouraging violence, the Indian independence leaders mirror other great civil rights icons from around the world, maybe even influencing some. 

In 1942, when Britain was in the throes of World War II, they agreed to grant India its independence when the war was over. When this finally happened in 1947, it marked the end of almost 200 years of official British rule in India. Britain decided that a line should be drawn through the territory to allow for religious separation, and although this proved useful in some ways, it also sparked issues. Though the fallout of independence was messy between India and Pakistan, the fledgeling countries eventually found their strides following mass migrations and conflict. 

Like many countries, India celebrates its independence each year on August 15th with a great show of patriotism, particularly in Delhi. The day’s celebrations are marked by parades, pageants, kite flying, and national addresses. No matter how they choose to celebrate, it’s clear that this day in that age will hold a special place in Indian hearts forever. 

Some Other Major Events That Occurred on This Day:

  • On August 15, 1914 one of famed American architect Frank Lloyd Wright’s houses was set ablaze by a handyman; Wright’s mistress and her two children were killed in the attack. The handyman was later found in the basement of the house, having poisoned himself. To this day, the reason for the attack is unknown, and will likely remain a mystery forever. 
  • In 1969 on this day, the Woodstock Music & Art Fair opened to the masses in upstate New York. Simply known as Woodstock to most, the music festival became an iconic event, emblematic of the 1960s and of the mounting anti-establishment movement in the United States. More than 400,000 people attended Woodstock, which was held on a 600 acre farm. Those attendees took the Woodstock experience home with them, hoping to affect change in some positive manner. 
  • The U.S. ended its military involvement in Vietnam on this day in 1973. This end came about following the Case-Church Amendment, which was passed by Congress the same year, and set August 15th as the deadline for the U.S. military to withdraw from Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. In accordance with that deadline, August 15th marked the official end of one of America’s most controversial wars. 

Famous Birthdays on August 15th 

1769: Napoleon Bonaparte 

Napoleon Bonaparte

The famed French military leader and emperor was born August 15th, 1769. Napoleon was a conqueror with a shrewd mind for military, so he rose quickly through the French ranks during the revolution, which took place throughout his 20s. Following a 1799 coup d’etat wherein Napoleon seized political power, he crowned himself emperor in 1804. This glory was somewhat short lived, though. By a mere 11 years later, Napoleon had abdicated his throne and been exiled—twice. 

1912: Julia Child

The incomparable Julia Child was born in Pasadena, California on this day in 1912. Though she is famous for bringing the art of French cuisine into the average American home, she did not become immersed in the culinary arts until she was nearly 40 years old and living in Paris with her husband. Child had already written best-selling cookbooks when she began hosting a cooking show on Boston Public Television in 1961, and went on to write several more throughout her tenure as a culinary icon. The French Chef became famous for her unique character and fun-loving attitude toward cooking, never seeming ruffled even after a mistake.

1972: Ben Affleck

Ben Affleck

Born in Berkeley, California on August 15th, 1972, Ben Affleck has achieved a level of stardom in Hollywood that most don’t even dare dream about. Acclaimed by both critics and the masses, Afleck began acting at the tender age of 12 and has taken part in such lauded productions as Dazed and Confused, Good Will Hunting, and Argo, among many others. Well-documented battles with addiction have done little to tarnish the reputation of this titan in the film industry. 

As the sand in the hourglass continually trickles down, there are bound to be many more showings of August 15th, with many more important cultural, artistic, and political events housed in the date’s hours. While we should always look to the future, we must not forget the past; ruminate on where we came from by taking time to reflect on the ways that these and other historic events of August 15th have shaped the modern landscape in which we live.

On August 12

On this Day that Age - August 12

The wheel of the world must continually turn over, and certain moments in time are lost in that forward motion, forgotten to posterity. Though we can’t take you back through every August 12th since the dawn of man, we can offer some insight into the most significant, often history-making events of this date throughout time. 

Famous Events on This Day in History

On August 12, 1908, Henry Ford’s company built the first Model T car, totally revolutionizing transportation. The Model T was one of the first cars mass produced and sold at a reasonable price, and therefore one of the first cars that was available to the average individual. Though the Model T stopped production in 1928, it is subconsciously celebrated everyday when so many drive their personal cars that wouldn’t exist at all without the Model T to blaze the trail

Other important historical events on August 12th include: 

  • Mars’ moon, Deimos, was discovered in Washington D.C. at the United States Naval Observatory by Asaph Hall in 1877. Hall, an American astronomer, discovered both of Mars’ moons during his career. 
  • Similar to the revolutionary nature of the Model T was IBM’s Personal Computer being stocked in stores for the first time on this day in 1981. This brought a futuristic concept within reach of consumers for the price of $1,500. 

Famous Birthdays on August 12th 

1904: Alexei Nikolaevich

Alexei Nokolaevich

On this day that age, the last Tsarevich of Russia was born. Alexei would have succeeded his father as Tsar and continued the centuries-old Romanov dynasty had a revolution not transpired in Russia in 1917. Unfortunately, Alexei suffered from hemophilia, for which there was no treatment at the time. The Tsar and Tsarina chose to hide their son’s condition and turn to the “mad monk” Rasputin for treatment. Alexei, along with the rest of his family, faced an untimely demise at the hands of radical revolutionaries in 1918. 

1930: George Soros 

George Soros was born in Hungary in 1930 on this day in history, and therefore lived through the turbulent Nazi occupation in his teens. Soros emigrated to the United States at 26 and began a career in finance, where he eventually amassed the lavish fortune for which he is known. Now, Soros is an internationally known investor and philanthropist, having both founded organizations and given away more than $30 billion of his personal fortune. 

1990: Mario Balotelli

Mario Balotelli

The young Gahnaian-Itallian footballer was born on this day in Palermo, and was identified as a future football standout from a young age. Balotelli’s quirky personality has earned him a large fan base—even those outside of the club for which he currently plays. Following his contract expiration, the Italian striker became a free agent in the summer of 2019, drawing a great deal of interest from many clubs.

Though there are many, many iterations of August 12th that still lie ahead, it’s important to look back on this day in history and appreciate how far we have come. Glorious triumphs, crushing defeats, and plenty of events that shaped history have transpired on this day during a different age. The best judge of the future is the past, so remember to treat every August 12th like history in the making.